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Since the skin produces POMC peptides, in the present work we investigated local production of urocortin, a peptide related to CRH, the normal endogenous stimulant for POMC. Urocortin immunoreactivity was detected by direct RIA in extracts of human skin, mouse skin (C57BL-6 strain), cultured cells from established lines of human melanoma and squamous cell(More)
Following previous findings in human skin of the functional expression of genes for the corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) receptor type 1 (CRH-R1) and CRH itself, we searched for local phenotypic effects for peptides related to CRH. We now report that CRH, sauvagine, and urocortin inhibit proliferation of human HaCaT keratinocytes in a dose-dependent(More)
Successful BRAF inhibitor therapy depends on the accurate assessment of the mutation status of the BRAF V600 residue in tissue samples. In melanoma, immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis with monoclonal anti-BRAF V600E has emerged as a sensitive and specific surrogate of BRAF V600E mutation, particularly when BRAF V600E protein expression is homogeneous and(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need for improved prognostic markers in melanoma. In this study, the authors tested the prognostic significance and clinicopathologic correlations of v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF) and neuroblastoma RAS viral (v-ras) oncogene homolog (NRAS) mutations in patients with metastatic melanoma. METHODS Clinical and(More)
The management of melanoma has evolved owing to improved understanding of its molecular drivers. To augment the current understanding of the prevalence, patterns, and associations of mutations in this disease, the results of clinical testing of 699 advanced melanoma patients using a pan-cancer next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel of hotspot regions in 46(More)
PURPOSE Aggressive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is often a disfiguring and lethal disease. Very little is currently known about the mutations that drive aggressive cSCC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Whole-exome sequencing was performed on 39 cases of aggressive cSCC to identify driver genes and novel therapeutic targets. Significantly, mutated genes(More)
CONTEXT A precise role for the innate immune system in psoriasis remains to be determined. Surface receptors, including Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that recognize bacterial ligands and CD91, which recognizes heat shock proteins (HSPs), are implicated in both innate and adaptive immunity. OBJECTIVE Since skin is exposed to various exogenous stimuli, which(More)
BACKGROUND Ipsilateral salivary gland tumors of different histologic types are rare and make up less than 0.3% of all salivary gland neoplasms. Only nine cases of synchronous benign and malignant ipsilateral parotid gland tumors have been described in the literature. METHODS Two additional cases of synchronous benign and malignant neoplasms in the parotid(More)
Recent studies have implicated interferon signaling in the regulation of cellular senescence. However, the role of specific interferon-inducible proteins in cellular senescence remains to be defined. Here we report that IFI 16, an interferon-inducible transcriptional modulator from the p200-protein family, contributes to cellular senescence of prostate(More)