Jonathan J Havel

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Immune checkpoint inhibitors, which unleash a patient's own T cells to kill tumors, are revolutionizing cancer treatment. To unravel the genomic determinants of response to this therapy, we used whole-exome sequencing of non-small cell lung cancers treated with pembrolizumab, an antibody targeting programmed cell death-1 (PD-1). In two independent cohorts,(More)
PURPOSE beta2-Microglobulin (beta2M) has been shown to promote osteomimicry and the proliferation of human prostate cancer cells. The objective of this study is to determine the mechanism by which targeting beta2M using anti-beta2M antibody inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Polyclonal and monoclonal(More)
Immune checkpoint blockade has demonstrated substantial promise for the treatment of several advanced malignancies. These agents activate the immune system to attack tumor cells. For example, agents targeting CTLA4 and programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) have resulted in impressive response rates and, in some cases, durable remissions. Neoantigens are mutations(More)
  • Xiu-Lei Mo, Yin Luo, +6 authors Haian Fu
  • Journal of molecular cell biology
  • 2016
Large-scale genomics studies have generated vast resources for in-depth understanding of vital biological and pathological processes. A rising challenge is to leverage such enormous information to rapidly decipher the intricate protein-protein interactions (PPIs) for functional characterization and therapeutic interventions. While a number of powerful(More)
The ribosomal protein (RP)-HDM2-p53 pathway has been shown to have key roles in oncogene-induced apoptosis and senescence, but the mechanism regulating this pathway remains elusive. The proline-rich Akt substrate of 40 kDa (PRAS40) has recently been identified as a binding partner and inhibitor of the mechanistic (formerly referred to as mammalian) target(More)
Recent clinical trials have demonstrated a clear survival advantage in advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients treated with immune checkpoint blockade. These emerging results reveal that HNSCC is one of the most promising frontiers for immunotherapy research. However, further progress in head and neck immuno-oncology will require a(More)
Immune checkpoint blockade has shown significant promise as an anticancer treatment, yet the determinants of response are not completely understood. Here we show that somatic mutations in SERPINB3 and SERPINB4 are associated with survival after anti-CTLA4 immunotherapy in two independent cohorts of patients with melanoma (n = 174). Interestingly, serpins(More)
A genomic analysis of heterogeneous colorectal tumor samples has uncovered interactions between immunophenotype and various aspects of tumor biology, with implications for informing the choice of immunotherapies for specific patients and guiding the design of personalized neoantigen-based vaccines. Please see related article:(More)
PRAS40 has been shown to have a crucial role in the repression of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Nonetheless, PRAS40 appears to have an oncogenic function in cancer cells. Whether PRAS40 mediates signaling independent of mTOR inhibition in cancer cells remains elusive. Here PRAS40 overexpression in lung adenocarcinoma and cutaneous melanoma was(More)