Jonathan J. Cole

Learn More
Data on the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) in the surface waters from a large number of lakes (1835) with a worldwide distribution show that only a small proportion of the 4665 samples analyzed (less than 10 percent) were within +/-20 percent of equilibrium with the atmosphere and that most samples (87 percent) were supersaturated. The mean(More)
Because freshwater covers such a small fraction of the Earth’s surface area, inland freshwater ecosystems (particularly lakes, rivers, and reservoirs) have rarely been considered as potentially important quantitative components of the carbon cycle at either global or regional scales. By taking published estimates of gas exchange, sediment accumulation, and(More)
[1] Lake sediments are ‘‘hot spots’’ of methane production in the landscape. However, regional and global lake methane emissions, contributing to the greenhouse effect, are poorly known. We developed predictions of methane emissions from easily measured lake characteristics based on measurements for 11 North American and 13 Swedish lakes, and literature(More)
Heterotrophic bacteria are thought to be important components of aquatic ecosystems in several ways. These bacteria remineralize organic materials and convert some organic material into bacterial biomass. We examined data from 70 studies in which estimates of production of heterotrophic bacterial biomass (bacterial production) were reported for freshand(More)
One of the major impediments to the integration of lentic ecosystems into global environmental analyses has been fragmentary data on the extent and size distribution of lakes, ponds, and impoundments. We use new data sources, enhanced spatial resolution, and new analytical approaches to provide new estimates of the global abundance of surface-water bodies.(More)
19 B ivalves (clams and mussels) are among the most familiar of aquatic organisms. Many have been used by humans for centuries as important sources of food and ornament, and some species are economically important pests, fouling water intakes and other structures. It is only recently, however, that ecologists have begun to understand that bivalves also play(More)
Recent projections of climatic change have focused a great deal of scientific and public attention on patterns of carbon (C) cycling as well as its controls, particularly the factors that determine whether an ecosystem is a net source or sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). Net ecosystem production (NEP), a central concept in C-cycling research, has(More)
Changes in the biomass of benthic bivalves can cause dramatic changes in total grazing pressure in aquatic systems, but few studies document ecosystem-level impacts of these changes. This study documents a massive decline in phytoplankton biomass concurrent with the invasion of an exotic benthic bivalve, the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha), and(More)
Net ecosystem production (NEP) is the difference between gross primary production (GPP) and community respiration (R). We estimated in situ NEP using three independent approaches (net CO2 gas flux, net O2 gas flux, and continuous diel O2 measurements) over a 4–7 yr period in a series of small lakes in which food webs were manipulated and nutrient loadings(More)