Jonathan J. Buonocore

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Each stage in the life cycle of coal-extraction, transport, processing, and combustion-generates a waste stream and carries multiple hazards for health and the environment. These costs are external to the coal industry and are thus often considered "externalities." We estimate that the life cycle effects of coal and the waste stream generated are costing(More)
We estimated PM2.5-related public health impacts/ton emitted of primary PM2.5, SO2, and NOx for a set of power plants in the Mid-Atlantic and Lower Great Lakes regions of the United States, selected to include varying emission profiles and broad geographic representation. We then developed a regression model explaining variability in impacts per ton emitted(More)
The use of cardiovascular imaging is growing inexorably and concerns have been expressed about its cost and radiation safety. In this study, the relative environmental impact of MRI, single photon emission tomography and cardiac ultrasound (echo) for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease were examined. The results emphasise that echo causes the least(More)
Decreasing traffic speeds increases the amount of time drivers have to react to road hazards, potentially averting collisions, and makes crashes that do happen less severe. Boston's regional planning agency, the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC), in partnership with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH), conducted a Health Impact(More)
BACKGROUND Aromatic hydrocarbons emitted from gasoline-powered vehicles contribute to the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA), which increases the atmospheric mass concentration of fine particles (PM2.5). Here we estimate the public health burden associated with exposures to the subset of PM2.5 that originates from vehicle emissions of aromatics(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the spatial and temporal patterns of traffic-related air pollutants in an urban neighborhood to determine factors contributing to elevated concentrations and to inform environmental justice concerns. METHODS In the summer of 2007, we continuously monitored multiple air pollutants at a community site in the Mission Hill neighborhood(More)
[1] The Radio Aurora Explorer CubeSat detected the first radar echoes during the solar storm of March 8, 2012. The 300 s ground-to-space bi-static radar experiment was conducted in conjunction with the Poker Flat Incoherent Scatter Radar in the local morning ( 8 am) over Poker Flat, Alaska. The geomagnetic conditions for the E region field-aligned(More)
Transportation decisions have health consequences that are often not incorporated into policy-making processes. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a process that can be used to evaluate health effects of transportation policy. We present a rapid HIA, conducted over eight weeks, evaluating health and economic effects of proposed fare increases and service(More)
In September–October2015,ElNiñoandpositive IndianOceanDipole conditions set the stage formassive fires in Sumatra andKalimantan (IndonesianBorneo), leading topersistently hazardous levels of smoke pollution acrossmuchofEquatorialAsia.Herewequantify the emission sources andhealth impacts of this haze episode and compare the sources and impacts to an event of(More)
BACKGROUND Traffic congestion is a significant issue in urban areas in the United States and around the world. Previous analyses have estimated the economic costs of congestion, related to fuel and time wasted, but few have quantified the public health impacts or determined how these impacts compare in magnitude to the economic costs. Moreover, the relative(More)