Jonathan I. Epstein

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Expert's summary: After the international WHO sponsored consensus meeting in Stockholm 2004, ''International Consultation on Predictors of Patient Outcome in Prostate Cancer'' [1,2], the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) identified a need for an additional analysis of the Gleason system with a greater representation from the urological(More)
Prostate cancer is an increasing threat throughout the world. As a result of a demographic shift in population, the number of men at risk for developing prostate cancer is growing rapidly. For 2002, an estimated 189,000 prostate cancer cases were diagnosed in the U.S., accompanied by an estimated 30,200 prostate cancer deaths [Jemal et al., 2002]. Most(More)
This review focuses on new findings and controversial issues in the the pathology and molecular biology of adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Since management of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia on needle biopsy--the most common precursor lesion to prostate cancer--is the crucial issue with this lesion, we discuss the risk of cancer subsequent to(More)
Gleason grading is now the most widely used grading system for prostatic carcinoma in the United States. However, there are only a few studies of the interobserver reproducibility of this system, and no extensive study of interobserver reproducibility among a large number of experienced urologic pathologists exists. Forty-six needle biopsies containing(More)
Shape based active contours have emerged as a natural solution to overlap resolution. However, most of these shape-based methods are computationally expensive. There are instances in an image where no overlapping objects are present and applying these schemes results in significant computational overhead without any accompanying, additional benefit. In this(More)
Most malignant gliomas grow despite treatment by standard chemotherapeutic agents. The authors explored the use of an innovative drug, 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4HC), delivered via a controlled-release biodegradable polymer to determine whether local delivery would enhance efficacy. This drug is an alkylator-type chemotherapeutic agent derived from(More)
OBJECTIVES Due to PSA screening and increased awareness, prostate cancer (PCa) is identified earlier resulting in smaller diagnostic samples on prostate needle biopsy. Because Gleason grading plays a critical role in treatment planning, we undertook a controlled study to evaluate interobserver variability among German pathologists to grade small PCas using(More)
Computer-aided Gleason grading of prostate cancer tissue images has been in rapid development during the past decade. Automated classifiers using features derived from multiwavelet transform, fractal dimension and other measurements, and using texton forests have shown considerable successes. This paper presents our study on application of cardinal(More)
We introduce a novel feature descriptor to describe cancer cells called Cell Orientation Entropy (COrE). The main objective of this work is to employ COrE to quantitatively model disorder of cell/nuclear orientation within local neighborhoods and evaluate whether these measurements of directional disorder are correlated with biochemical recurrence (BCR) in(More)
Sustained drug delivery by biodegradable polymer devices can increase the therapeutic efficacy of drugs by producing high local tissue concentrations over extended periods of time. It has been shown previously that implantation of controlled-release polymers impregnated with the nitrosourea carmustine (BCNU) extended the period of survival in rats bearing(More)