Jonathan I A Miller

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Glutathione disulfide (GSSG) accumulates in cells under an increased oxidant load, which occurs during neurohormonal or metabolic stimulation as well as in many disease states. Elevated GSSG promotes protein S-glutathiolation, a reversible post-translational modification, which can directly alter or regulate protein function. We developed novel strategies(More)
Burkholderia species are free-living bacteria with a versatile metabolic lifestyle. The genome of B. fungorum LB400 is predicted to encode three different pathways for formaldehyde oxidation: an NAD-linked, glutathione (GSH)-independent formaldehyde dehydrogenase; an NAD-linked, GSH-dependent formaldehyde oxidation system; and a(More)
A new bacterial isolate from a methylamine enrichment culture is described, representing a novel species of facultatively methylotrophic bacteria. The non-motile bacterium is Gram-negative, replicates by budding and does not form endospores. The isolate utilizes methylated amines, as well as a variety of monosaccharides, disaccharides, amino acids, organic(More)
In order to validate a gel free quantitative proteomics assay for the model methylotrophic bacterium Methylobacterium extorquens AM1, we examined the M. extorquens AM1 proteome under single carbon (methanol) and multicarbon (succinate) growth, conditions that have been studied for decades and for which extensive corroborative data have been compiled. In(More)
We used the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, to investigate whether the timing of transmission influences the evolution of virulence. In theory, early transmission should favour rapid replication and increase virulence, while late transmission should favour slower replication and reduce virulence. We tested this prediction by(More)
The osmotic pressure within a living bacterium creates stresses in the peptidoglycan that stretch the sacculus. We measured the amount of stretch by monitoring the shrinkage of growing cells of Escherichia coli after removal of the osmotic pressure by disruption of the phospholipid membranes with sodium dodecyl sulfate. Because the rods of the wild type are(More)
MALDI-TOF/TOF tandem mass spectrometry has been applied to determine the complete sequences of the PVK/CAP2b neuropeptides in the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans and horn fly Haematobia irritans, insect pests of livestock. This peptidomic analysis of single neurohemal organ preparations allows the unambiguous assignment of internal Leu/Ile positions not(More)
MALDI-TOF mass spectrometric analysis of single lateral abdominal nerves (LANs) demonstrate the presence of the insect kinin Musdo-K in the housefly Musca domestica, and identify heretofore unknown insect kinins in two other Dipteran species as Musdo-K in the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans and horn fly Haematobia irritans. The insect kinin native to the(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether activation of Na influx via voltage-gated Na channels can elevate sub-sarcolemmal ('fuzzy-space') [Na] and transiently activate Na/K pump current (I(p)). METHODS AND RESULTS Initially, Na/K pump activity was characterised in whole-cell voltage-clamped single guinea-pig ventricular(More)
When proteins are removed from their native state they suffer from two deficiencies: (1) glassy behavior with glass transition temperatures (Tg) well above room temperature and (2) thermal instability. The glassy behavior originates in multiple hydrogen bonds between amino acids on adjacent protein molecules. Proteins, like most biopolymers, are thermally(More)