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The Rap family of small GTPases is implicated in the mechanisms of synaptic plasticity, particularly synaptic depression. Here we studied the role of Rap in neuronal morphogenesis and synaptic transmission in cultured neurons. Constitutively active Rap2 expressed in hippocampal pyramidal neurons caused decreased length and complexity of both axonal and(More)
How does chronic activity modulation lead to global remodeling of proteins at synapses and synaptic scaling? Here we report that guanylate kinase-associated protein (GKAP; also known as SAPAP), a scaffolding molecule linking NMDA receptor-PSD-95 to Shank-Homer complexes, acts in these processes. Overexcitation removes GKAP from synapses via the(More)
Synthetic biology often takes cues from complex natural networks and pathways to create novel biological systems. The design modalities used in synthetic systems generally follow the different classes of gene regulation in cells such as transcriptional, post-transcriptional and post-translational regulation. The latter class is most prominent in cell(More)
Many implementations of RSA signatures and decryption use the Chinese Remainder Theorem to speed up the computation of M d modN. This may enable attacks that utilize hardware faults, making it possible to calculate the prime factors of N. For this project, we aim to give a tutorial on Hardware Fault Attacks on RSA with CRT, based on [1]. We will first give(More)
How does chronic activity modulation lead to global remodeling of proteins at synapses and synaptic scaling? Here we report a role of guanylate-kinase-associated-protein (GKAP; also known as SAPAP), a scaffolding molecule linking NMDA receptor-PSD-95 to Shank-Homer complexes, in these processes. Over-excitation removes GKAP from synapses via(More)
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