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The largest gene knock-down experiments performed to date have used multiple short interfering/short hairpin (si/sh)RNAs per gene. To overcome this burden for design of a genome-wide siRNA library, we used the Stuttgart Neural Net Simulator to train algorithms on a data set of 2,182 randomly selected siRNAs targeted to 34 mRNA species, assayed through a(More)
Although DNA damaging agents have revolutionized chemotherapy against solid tumors, a narrow therapeutic window combined with severe side effects has limited their broader use. Here we show that RAD001 (everolimus), a rapamycin derivative, dramatically enhances cisplatin-induced apoptosis in wild-type p53, but not mutant p53 tumor cells. The use of isogenic(More)
P2X3 is one receptor of a family of seven ligand-gated ion channels responding to purines. Increasing evidence indicates its involvement in neuronal signaling and in pain. However, there is currently no selective inhibitor known for this subtype. In order to obtain such a specific inhibitor, a variety of antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) against rat P2X3 was(More)
Double stranded, short interfering RNAs (siRNA) of 21-22 nt length initiate a sequence-specific, post-trancriptional gene silencing in animals and plants known as RNA interference (RNAi). Here we show that RNAi can block a pathophysiological pain response and provide relief from neuropathic pain in a rat disease model by down regulating an endogenous,(More)
The excitation of nociceptive sensory neurons by ATP released in injured tissue is believed to be mediated partly by P2X3 receptors. Although an analysis of P2X3 knock-out mice has revealed some deficits in nociceptive signaling, detailed analysis of the role of these receptors is hampered by the lack of potent specific pharmacological tools. Here we have(More)
Upregulated expression of bcl-xL is involved in the initiation and progression of breast cancer by inhibiting tumor cell apoptosis. Here we describe the use of the 2;-O-methoxy-ethoxy antisense oligonucleotide 4259 targeting nucleotides 687-706 of the bcl-xL mRNA, a sequence that does not occur in the pro-apoptotic bcl-xS transcript, to restore apoptosis in(More)
Microarrays to examine the global expression levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) in a systematic in-parallel manner have become important tools to help unravel the functions of miRNAs and to understand their roles in RNA-based regulation and their implications in human diseases. We have established a novel miRNA-specific microarray platform that enables the(More)
Over-expression of the anti-apoptotic protein bcl-xL is frequently found in lung cancer where it potentially contributes to tumor development, progression and drug resistance. To override the apoptotic block in lung-adenocarcinoma and small-cell-lung-cancer (SCLC) cells caused by over-expression of bcl-xL, an anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotide was designed(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous 19-25 nucleotide RNAs that have recently emerged as a novel class of important gene-regulatory molecules involved in many critical developmental and cellular functions. miRNAs have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several human diseases, such as neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, and more recently in viral and(More)
Synthetic 21-bp-long short interfering RNAs (siRNA) can stimulate sequence-specific mRNA degradation in mammalian cell cultures, a process referred to as RNA interference (RNAi). In the present study, the potential of RNAi was compared to the traditional antisense approach, acting mainly via RnaseH, for targeting the recombinant rat pain-related(More)