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So far the contribution of New Economic Geography (NEG) has been mainly positive. Normative analysis and policy implications have lagged behind. The reason is the fear of the consequences of taking too literally the neat structure of the models. Under this respect the somewhat incautious aim of this paper is precisely to take NEG models literally and ask(More)
Neuronal membranes are highly enriched with docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3), and its content can be altered by ethanol consumption. We have previously reported that the 22:6n-3 status in membrane affects the biosynthesis of phosphatidylserine (PS), a phospholipid class which contains an exceptionally high proportion of 22:6n-3. The aim of the present study(More)
Dietary salt restriction is a recommended adjunct with antihypertensive therapy. There may be racial differences in blood pressure response to salt restriction while on antihypertensive therapy. We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial (black, n=96; Hispanic, n=63; white, n=232). Participants(More)
Elevated circulating levels of an endogenous ouabain (EO) have been associated with essential hypertension. To investigate structure-activity relationships relevant to blood pressure, we infused either ouabain, ouabagenin, digoxin or digitoxin at 30 microg/kg/day in normal Sprague Dawley rats. After five weeks, the ouabain and ouabagenin infused rats were(More)
N-3 essential fatty acid deficiency affects a number of biological and physiological processes. In this study, we investigated the effect of n-3 essential fatty acid status on two key pineal biochemical functions, melatonin production and lipoxygenation, using pineal glands from rats given an n-3-adequate or n-3-deficient diet. The pineal total lipid(More)
Previously, we showed that the addition of human erythrocyte glycosphingolipids (GSLs) to nonhuman CD4(+) or GSL-depleted human CD4(+) cells rendered those cells susceptible to HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein-mediated cell fusion. Individual components in the GSL mixture were isolated by fractionation on a silica-gel column and incorporated into the membranes(More)
Human synovial fibroblasts in culture have been shown to have low plasminogen activator (PA) activity; however, conditioned medium from concanavalin A-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (c-MCCM) stimulates the cellular levels of this protease. The present study shows that low concentrations of a series of antiinflammatory steroids inhibit the PA(More)
The cause of the initial hyperventilation, which occurs on exposure to O2 at high pressure (o.h.p.), has been investigated by measuring tidal volume (VT), frequency of breathing (f) and hence ventilation (VE) in thirty-six barbiturate-anaesthetized rats, with or without their glossopharyngeal (IX) nerves sectioned, during 30-60 min of exposure to o.h.p. at(More)
The 24-h integrated plasma concentration of aldosterone (IC-ALDO), PRA (IC-PRA), and cortisol (IC-F) were measured in 34 male patients with uncomplicated mild essential hypertension and 15 matched normal controls using a portable 24-h continuous nonthrombogenic blood withdrawal system. The hypertensive were subsequently given 0.5 mg dexamethasone three(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o We extend the model by Behrens et al. to the case of non-cooperative commodity taxation and investigate the impacts of tax harmonization and changes in tax principle on equilibrium tax rates, industry location, and welfare. Since our setup features internationally mobile firms, trade frictions, and asymmetric country sizes, it offers a(More)