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A method for label-free, electrochemical impedance immunosensing for the detection and quantification of three infection biomarkers in both buffer and directly in the defined model matrix of mock wound fluid is demonstrated. Triggering Receptor-1 Expressed on Myeloid cells (TREM-1) and Matrix MetalloPeptidase 9 (MMP-9) are detected via direct assay and(More)
Quantum dot (QD) labeling combined with fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy is proposed as a powerful transduction technique for the detection of DNA hybridization events. Fluorescence lifetime analysis of DNA microarray spots of hybridized QD labeled target indicated a characteristic lifetime value of 18.8 ns, compared to 13.3 ns obtained for spots of(More)
Machine learning and statistical model based classifiers have increasingly been used with more complex and high dimensional biological data obtained from high-throughput technologies. Understanding the impact of various factors associated with large and complex microarray datasets on the predictive performance of classifiers is computationally intensive,(More)
The development of an implantable system designed to deliver drug doses in a controlled manner over an extended time period is reported. Key performance parameters are the physical size, the power consumption and also the ability to perform wireless communications to enable the system to be externally controlled and interrogated. The system has been(More)
This work reports how the use of a standard integrated circuit (IC) fabrication process can improve the potential of silicon nitride layers as substrates for microarray technology. It has been shown that chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) substantially improves the fluorescent intensity of positive control gene and test gene microarray spots on both(More)
This paper reviews the work carried out in the field of reconfigurable antennas, and in specific the reconfigurable MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) antennas. The application of MEMS to antennas is studied and compared with the various implementations such as pattern reconfigurable MEMS antennas, mechanically actuated MEMS antennas, capacitive MEMS(More)
DNA microarrays are powerful tools for gene expression analysis and genotyping studies in research and diagnostic applications. A high sensitivity and short time-to-result are prerequisites for their practical application in the clinic. The hybridization efficiency of DNA microarrays depends on the probe density and the probe orientation and thus their(More)
A wireless power transfer and communication system based on near-field inductive coupling has been designed and implemented. The feasibility of using such a system to remotely control drug release from an implantable drug delivery system is addressed. The architecture of the wireless system is described and the signal attenuation over distance in both water(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease and liver cancer, and remains a large health care burden to the world. In this study we developed a DNA microarray test to detect HCV RNA and a protein microarray to detect human anti-HCV antibodies on a single platform. A main focus of this study was to evaluate possibilities to reduce the(More)
A Holliday junction (HJ) consists of four DNA double helices, with a branch point discontinuity at the intersection of the component strands. At low ionic strength, the HJ adopts an open conformation, with four widely spaced arms, primarily due to strong electrostatic repulsion between the phosphate groups on the backbones. At high ionic strength, screening(More)