Jonathan G. Goldin

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BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease is common in older adults with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing regular dialysis, but little is known about the prevalence and extent of cardiovascular disease in children and young adults with end-stage renal disease. METHODS We used electron-beam computed tomography (CT) to screen for coronary-artery(More)
1. Coronary Artery Calcification and Epidemiology of Coronary Calcium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1764 1.1. Calcium Detection Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1765 1.1.1. EBCT Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1765 1.1.2. MDCT Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1766 1.2. Coronary Artery Calcified(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the effects of oral cyclophosphamide on lung function and health-related symptoms in patients with evidence of active alveolitis and scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease. METHODS At 13 clinical centers throughout the United States, we enrolled 158 patients(More)
The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) is a randomized multicenter study comparing low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) with chest radiography in the screening of older current and former heavy smokers for early detection of lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Five-year survival rates approach 70%(More)
PURPOSE To assess whether percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of unresectable pulmonary malignancies is safe and technically feasible and to evaluate the usefulness of computed tomographic (CT) nodule densitometry as a tool for following up tumors after ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twelve patients (seven men and five women; mean age, 60.6 years)(More)
BACKGROUND Endobronchial valves that allow air to escape from a pulmonary lobe but not enter it can induce a reduction in lobar volume that may thereby improve lung function and exercise tolerance in patients with pulmonary hyperinflation related to advanced emphysema. METHODS We compared the safety and efficacy of endobronchial-valve therapy in patients(More)
The purpose of this work is to develop patient-specific models for automatically detecting lung nodules in computed tomography (CT) images. It is motivated by significant developments in CT scanner technology and the burden that lung cancer screening and surveillance imposes on radiologists. We propose a new method that uses a patient's baseline image data(More)
PURPOSE To determine if apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis can stratify progression-free survival in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) prior to bevacizumab treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional review board and was HIPAA compliant; informed consent was obtained.(More)
UNLABELLED Characterization of a pulmonary lesion is a well-established indication for metabolic imaging with 18F-FDG. There is extensive literature on the use of PET and CT in the characterization of a solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN). The performance of dual-modality imaging with PET/CT for characterizing SPNs was investigated in a clinical referral(More)
Significant heterogeneity of clinical presentation and disease progression exists within chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although FEV(1) inadequately describes this heterogeneity, a clear alternative has not emerged. The goal of phenotyping is to identify patient groups with unique prognostic or therapeutic characteristics, but significant(More)