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A replicon vaccine vector system was developed from an attenuated strain of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE). The replicon RNA consists of the cis-acting 5' and 3' ends of the VEE genome, the complete nonstructural protein gene region, and the subgenomic 26S promoter. The genes encoding the VEE structural proteins were replaced with the influenza(More)
Ebola virus (EBOV) causes acute hemorrhagic fever that is fatal in up to 90% of cases in both humans and nonhuman primates. No vaccines or treatments are available for human use. We evaluated the effects in nonhuman primates of vaccine strategies that had protected mice or guinea pigs from lethal EBOV infection. The following immunogens were used: RNA(More)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), a member of the genus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae, causes severe disease with high rates of mortality in humans. The CCHFV M RNA segment encodes the virus glycoproteins G(N) and G(C). To understand the processing and intracellular localization of the CCHFV glycoproteins as well as their neutralization(More)
cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) anchoring proteins (AKAPs) are responsible for the subcellular sequestration of the type II A-kinase. Previously, we identified a 78 kDa AKAP which was enriched in gastric parietal cells. We have now purified the 78 kDa AKAP to homogeneity from gastric fundic mucosal supernates using type II A-kinase regulatory(More)
An effort to develop a safe and effective vaccine for Marburg virus (MBGV), one of the filoviruses known to cause high mortality rates in humans, led us to compare directly some of the merits of modern versus classical vaccine approaches for this agent. Prior work had established the MBGV-glycoprotein (GP), the only known virion surface antigen, as a(More)
RNA replicons derived from an attenuated strain of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE), an alphavirus, were configured as candidate vaccines for Ebola hemorrhagic fever. The Ebola nucleoprotein (NP) or glycoprotein (GP) genes were introduced into the VEE RNA downstream from the VEE 26S promoter in place of the VEE structural protein genes. The(More)
Rab proteins are involved in many aspects of dynamic vesicle processing within eukaryotic cells. We have previously identified Rab11 in gastric parietal cell tubulovesicle membranes. We have produced a monoclonal antibody that is specific for Rab11. In all rabbit tissues examined, Rab11 immunoreactivity was highly enriched in epithelial cells. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a potentially fatal disease that occurs in parts of Africa, Asia, and eastern Europe, and that is caused by a recently emerged bunyavirus. Rapid laboratory diagnosis of CCHF infection is essential and is currently performed by virus isolation and serology. Histopathologic studies have been limited to a(More)
A molecular clone of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE) was constructed from four cDNAs that were synthesized using the viral RNA genome as template. Together, these cDNAs are believed to represent all but the nine 5'-terminal nucleotides of the VEE genome sequence. A T7 promoter, followed by a single intervening G residue, and the exact 5'-terminus(More)
A survey was conducted from October 1, 1993 to June 30, 1995 to determine the arboviral etiologies of febrile illnesses in the city of Iquitos in the Amazon River Basin of Peru. The study subjects were patients who were enrolled at medical care clinics or in their homes by Peruvian Ministry of Health (MOH) workers as part of the passive and active disease(More)