Jonathan F. Prather

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Songbirds learn to sing by memorizing a tutor song that they then vocally mimic using auditory feedback. This developmental sequence suggests that brain areas that encode auditory memories communicate with brain areas for learned vocal control. In the songbird, the secondary auditory telencephalic region caudal mesopallium (CM) contains neurons that encode(More)
Synaptic interactions between telencephalic neurons innervating descending motor or basal ganglia pathways are essential in the learning, planning, and execution of complex movements. Synaptic interactions within the songbird telencephalic nucleus HVC are implicated in motor and auditory activity associated with learned vocalizations. HVC contains(More)
The aim of this study was to measure the effects of synaptic input on motoneuron firing rate in an unanesthetized cat preparation, where activation of voltage-sensitive dendritic conductances may influence synaptic integration and repetitive firing. In anesthetized cats, the change in firing rate produced by a steady synaptic input is approximately equal to(More)
Long after a cut peripheral nerve reinnervates muscle and restores force production in adult cats, the muscle does not respond reflexively to stretch. Motivated by the likelihood that stretch areflexia is related to problems with sensing and controlling limb position after peripheral neuropathies, we sought to determine the underlying mechanism.(More)
Learning and maintaining the sounds we use in vocal communication require accurate perception of the sounds we hear performed by others and feedback-dependent imitation of those sounds to produce our own vocalizations. Understanding how the central nervous system integrates auditory and vocal-motor information to enable communication is a fundamental goal(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether activation of spinal motoneurons by sensory afferents of the caudal cutaneous sural (CCS) nerve evokes an atypical motor control scheme. In this scheme, motor units that contract fast and forcefully are driven by CCS afferents to fire faster than motor units that contract more slowly and weakly. This is the(More)
Sensorimotor functions are restored by peripheral nerve regeneration with greater success following injuries that crush rather than sever the nerve. Better recovery following nerve crush is commonly attributed to superior reconnection of regenerating axons with their original peripheral targets. The present study was designed to estimate the fraction of(More)
Male songbirds use song to advertise their attractiveness as potential mates, and the properties of those songs have a powerful influence on female mate preferences. One idea is that males may exert themselves maximally in each song performance, consistent with female evaluation and formation of mate preferences being the primary contributors to mate(More)
Rat blood and various tissues were analyzed for levels of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), an antianginal drug, after the administration of 14C-labeled compound. Unaltered [14C]ISDN was found in all tissues analyzed and in the circulating blood for up to 4 hours after p.o. or i.v. administration. These results clearly show that ISDN is not completely degraded(More)