Jonathan E Vandyke

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The significance of active versus inactive flavin-containing monooxygenase 2 (FMO2) for human drug and xenobiotic metabolism and sensitivity is unknown, but the underlying ethnic polymorphism is well documented. We used quantitative real-time PCR to measure message levels of Fmo1, Fmo2, Fmo3 and Fmo5 in lung and liver from eight strains of 8 week old female(More)
Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) are important for the disposition of many therapeutics, environmental toxicants, and nutrients. FMO3, the major adult hepatic FMO enzyme, exhibits significant interindividual variation. Eighteen FMO3 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) frequencies were determined in 202 Hispanics (Mexican descent), 201 African(More)
Tamoxifen is utilized in breast cancer therapy and in chemoprevention. Tamoxifen may enhance risk for other neoplasias, especially endometrial cancer. The risk:benefit depends on the rate of metabolic activation versus detoxication. Cytochrome P450-dependent alpha-hydroxylation, followed by sulfonation, represents a metabolic activation pathway, producing(More)
BCR-ABL is proposed to impair cell-cycle control by disabling p27, a tumor suppressor that inhibits cyclin-dependent kinases. We show that in cell lines p27 expression is inversely correlated with expression of SKP2, the F-box protein of SCF(SKP2) (SKP1/Cul1/F-box), the E3 ubiquitin ligase that promotes proteasomal degradation of p27. Inhibition of BCR-ABL(More)
Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMO) are membrane-associated enzymes contributing to oxidative metabolism of drugs and other chemicals. There are no known structures similar enough to FMO to provide accurate insights into the structural basis for differences in metabolism observed among FMOs. To develop an FMO amenable to crystallization, we introduced(More)
Catalytically active human flavin-containing monooxygenase isoform 2 (FMO2.1) is encoded by an allele detected only in individuals of African or Hispanic origin. Genotyping and haplotyping studies indicate that S195L and N413K occasionally occur secondary to the functional FMO2*1 allele encoding reference protein Gln472. Sulfoxygenation under a range of(More)
RATIONALE Quantifying cellular proteins in ventricular myocytes (MCs) is challenging due to tissue heterogeneity and the variety of cell sizes in the heart. In post-weaning cardiac ontogeny, rod-shaped MCs make up the majority of the cardiac mass while remaining a minority of cardiac cells in number. Current biochemical analyses of cardiac proteins do not(More)
Departments of Pediatrics (S.B.K., M.T.P., R.N.H.), Pharmacology and Toxicology (R.N.H.), and Biostatistics (N.M.P., T.W.), Medical College of Wisconsin, and Children's Research Institute, Children's Hospital and Health System (S.B.K., M.T.P., R.N.H.), Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, The Linus Pauling(More)
BCR-ABL is proposed to impair cell cycle control by disabling p27, a tumor suppressor that inhibits cyclin-dependent kinases. We show that in cell lines p27 expression is inversely correlated with expression of SKP2, the F-box protein of SCF, the E3 ubiquitin ligase that promotes proteasomal degradation of p27. Inhibition of BCR-ABL kinase causes G1 arrest,(More)
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