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To provide an update to the “Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock,” last published in 2008. A consensus committee of 68 international experts representing 30 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the(More)
To provide an update to “Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2012”. A consensus committee of 55 international experts representing 25 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the conference). A formal(More)
RATIONALE Accurate, early identification of patients at risk for developing acute lung injury (ALI) provides the opportunity to test and implement secondary prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES To determine the frequency and outcome of ALI development in patients at risk and validate a lung injury prediction score (LIPS). METHODS In this prospective(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between intensive care unit blood glucose levels and depression after acute lung injury. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Twelve intensive care units in four hospitals in Baltimore, MD. PATIENTS Consecutive acute lung injury survivors (n = 104) monitored during 1717 intensive care unit patient-days and(More)
RATIONALE Polymorphisms affecting Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated responses could predispose to excessive inflammation during an infection and contribute to an increased risk for poor outcomes in patients with sepsis. OBJECTIVES To identify hypermorphic polymorphisms causing elevated TLR-mediated innate immune cytokine and chemokine responses and to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of volume limited and pressure limited (lung protective) mechanical ventilation with two year survival in patients with acute lung injury. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING 13 intensive care units at four hospitals in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. PARTICIPANTS 485 consecutive mechanically ventilated patients(More)
INTRODUCTION The short-term mortality benefit of lower tidal volume ventilation (LTVV) for patients with acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) has been demonstrated in a large, multi-center randomized trial. However, the impact of LTVV and other critical care therapies on the longer-term outcomes of ALI/ARDS survivors remains(More)
OBJECTIVE Survivors of severe critical illness frequently develop substantial and persistent physical complications, including muscle weakness, impaired physical function, and decreased health-related quality of life. Our objective was to determine the longitudinal epidemiology of muscle weakness, physical function, and health-related quality of life and(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term outcomes from sepsis are poorly understood, and sepsis in patients may have different long-term effects on mortality and quality of life. Long-term outcome studies of other critical illnesses such as acute lung injury have demonstrated incremental health effects that persist after hospital discharge. Whether patients with sepsis have(More)
INTRODUCTION Randomized trials investigating neuromuscular blocking agents in adult acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have been inconclusive about effects on mortality, which is very high in this population. Uncertainty also exists about the associated risk of ICU-acquired weakness. METHODS We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. We(More)