Jonathan E. Rubin

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Based on recent experimental data, we have developed a conductance-based computational network model of the subthalamic nucleus and the external segment of the globus pallidus in the indirect pathway of the basal ganglia. Computer simulations and analysis of this model illuminate the roles of the coupling architecture of the network, and associated synaptic(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) or the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi) has recently been recognized as an important form of intervention for alleviating motor symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease, but the mechanism underlying its effectiveness remains unknown. Using a computational model, this paper(More)
Calcium has been proposed as a postsynaptic signal underlying synaptic spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP). We examine this hypothesis with computational modeling based on experimental results from hippocampal cultures, some of which are presented here, in which pairs and triplets of pre- and postsynaptic spikes induce potentiation and depression in a(More)
The therapeutic effectiveness of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) may arise through its effects on inhibitory basal ganglia outputs, including those from the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi). Changes in GPi activity will impact its thalamic targets, representing a possible pathway for STN-DBS to modulate basal(More)
Central pattern generators (CPGs) produce neural-motor rhythms that often depend on specialized cellular or synaptic properties such as pacemaker neurons or alternating phases of synaptic inhibition. Motivated by experimental evidence suggesting that activity in the mammalian respiratory CPG, the preBötzinger complex, does not require either of these(More)
Jonathan E. Rubin, Natalia A. Shevtsova, G. Bard Ermentrout, Jeffrey C. Smith, and Ilya A. Rybak Department of Mathematics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh; Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Cellular and Systems Neurobiology Section, Porter Neuroscience Research Center, National(More)
A network of excitatory neurons within the pre-Bötzinger complex (pre-BötC) of the mammalian brain stem has been found experimentally to generate robust, synchronized population bursts of activity. An experimentally calibrated model for pre-BötC cells yields typical square-wave bursting behavior in the absence of coupling, over a certain parameter range,(More)
The inspiratory phase of the respiratory rhythm involves the synchronized bursting of a network of neurons in the brain stem. This paper considers activity patterns in a reduced model for this network, namely, a system of conductance-based ordinary differential equations with excitatory synaptic coupling, incorporating heterogeneities across cells. The(More)
UNLABELLED In the basal ganglia, focused rhythmicity is an important feature of network activity at certain stages of motor processing. In disease, however, the basal ganglia develop amplified rhythmicity. Here, we demonstrate how the cellular architecture and network dynamics of an inhibitory loop in the basal ganglia yield exaggerated synchrony and(More)
A population of oscillatory Hodgkin-Huxley (HH) model neurons is shown numerically to exhibit a behavior in which the introduction of excitatory synaptic coupling synchronizes and dramatically slows firing. This effect contrasts with the standard theory that recurrent synaptic excitation promotes states of rapid, sustained activity, independent of intrinsic(More)