Jonathan DuBois

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The purpose of this study was to characterize changes in oxygenation, expressed as PaO2/F(I)O2, when patients with severe acute respiratory failure (PaO2/F(I)O2 < 150), unrelated to left ventricular failure to atelectasis, were turned to and from a supine to prone position at 1- and 4-h intervals. Ventilator settings were unchanged. Thirty-two consecutive(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging has revolutionized the detection of structural abnormalities in patients with epilepsy. However, many focal abnormalities remain undetected in routine visual inspection. Here we use an automated, surface-based method for quantifying morphometric features related to epileptogenic cortical malformations to detect abnormal cortical(More)
Functional neuroimaging implicates hyperactivity of amygdala-orbitofrontal circuitry as a common neurobiological mechanism underlying the development of anxiety. Less is known about anxiety-related structural differences in this network. In this study, a sample of healthy adults with no history of anxiety disorders completed a 3T MRI scan and self-report(More)
Idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is associated with widespread cortical network abnormalities on electroencephalography. Resting state functional connectivity (RSFC), based on fMRI, can assess the brain's global functional organization and its disruption in clinical conditions. We compared RSFC associated with the 'default mode network' (DMN) between(More)
Accurate pronunciation of phonetically irregular words (exception words) requires prior exposure to unique relationships between orthographic and phonemic features. Whether such word knowledge is accompanied by structural variation in areas associated with orthographic-to-phonemic transformations has not been investigated. We used high-resolution MRI to(More)
Using separate generalized mixed-effects models, we assessed seizure recall and prediction, as well as contributing diagnostic variables, in 83 adult patients with epilepsy undergoing video/EEG monitoring. The model revealed that when participants predicted a seizure, probability equaled 0.320 (95% CI: 0.149-0.558), a significant (P<0.05) increase over(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate a stepwise approach to chronic cough that emphasized initial treatment of all patients with an antihistamine-decongestant for postnasal drip and to determine the value of routine bronchoprovocation challenge in the evaluation of chronic cough. DESIGN Prospective trial using an algorithm for chronic cough in immunocompetent(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the volume of basal forebrain septal nuclei in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) as compared to patients with extratemporal epilepsy and controls. In animal models of TLE, septal lesions facilitate epileptogenesis, while septal stimulation is antiepileptic. METHOD Subjects were recruited from 2 sites and consisted of patients(More)
Postictal psychosis (PIP), the occurrence of psychotic episodes following a seizure, is a common and serious comorbidity in patients with epilepsy. Yet, the anatomical correlates remain poorly defined. Here, we used quantitative MRI morphometry to identify structural abnormalities in the cortex of patients with PIP relative to patients with epilepsy without(More)
Depression in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is highly prevalent and carries significant morbidity and mortality. Its neural basis is poorly understood. We used quantitative, surface-based MRI analysis to correlate brain morphometry with severity of depressive symptoms in 38 patients with TLE and 45 controls. Increasing severity of depressive(More)