Jonathan David Roth

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Body weight is regulated by complex neurohormonal interactions between endocrine signals of long-term adiposity (e.g., leptin, a hypothalamic signal) and short-term satiety (e.g., amylin, a hindbrain signal). We report that concurrent peripheral administration of amylin and leptin elicits synergistic, fat-specific weight loss in leptin-resistant,(More)
The central melanocortin system has emerged as a potential regulator of food intake. This action of melanocortins appears to occur through intrahypothalamic, melanocortin-containing projections, including those from the arcuate to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Although the complexity of feeding behavior and the long duration of the effects of(More)
Effects of amylin and pair feeding (PF) on body weight and metabolic parameters were characterized in diet-induced obesity-prone rats. Peripherally administered rat amylin (300 microg/kg.d, 22d) reduced food intake and slowed weight gain: approximately 10% (P<0.05), similar to PF. Fat loss was 3-fold greater in amylin-treated rats vs. PF (P<0.05). Whereas(More)
The ability of amylin to reduce acute food intake in rodents is well established. Longer-term administration in rats (up to 24 days) shows a concomitant reduction in body weight, suggesting energy intake plays a significant role in mediating amylin-induced weight loss. The current set of experiments further explores the long-term effects of amylin (4-11 wk)(More)
The present studies aimed to identify mechanisms contributing to amylin/leptin synergy in reducing body weight and adiposity. We reasoned that if amylin/leptin harnessed complementary neuronal pathways, then in the leptin-sensitive state, amylin should augment leptin signaling/binding and that in the absence of endogenous amylin, leptin signaling should be(More)
These preclinical studies aimed to 1) increase our understanding the dietary induction of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and, 2) further explore the utility and mechanisms of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonism in NASH. We compared the effects of a high trans-fat (HTF) or high lard fat (HLF) diet on key facets of nonalcoholic fatty liver(More)
Objective:The current set of studies describe the in vivo metabolic actions of the novel amylin-mimetic peptide davalintide (AC2307) in rodents and compares these effects with those of the native peptide.Research design and methods:The anti-obesity effects of davalintide were examined after intraperitoneal injection or sustained peripheral infusion through(More)
Previously, we reported that combination treatment with rat amylin (100 microg/kg.d) and murine leptin (500 microg/kg.d) elicited greater inhibition of food intake and greater body weight loss in diet-induced obese rats than predicted by the sum of the monotherapy conditions, a finding consistent with amylin-induced restoration of leptin responsiveness. In(More)
In rodents, ovariectomy (OVX) elicits weight gain and diminished responsiveness to homeostatic signals. Here we characterized the response of obese OVX rats to peripheral amylin. Rats received sham surgery (SHAM), OVX, or OVX with hormonal replacement (17β-estradiol, 2 μg per 4 d; OVX+E) and were infused with vehicle or amylin (50 μg/kg · d) for 28 d.(More)
Amylin is a pancreatic β-cell hormone that produces effects in several different organ systems. Here, we review the literature in rodents and in humans on amylin research since its discovery as a hormone about 25 years ago. Amylin is a 37-amino-acid peptide that activates its specific receptors, which are multisubunit G protein-coupled receptors resulting(More)