Learn More
BACKGROUND Rhizobium leguminosarum is an alpha-proteobacterial N2-fixing symbiont of legumes that has been the subject of more than a thousand publications. Genes for the symbiotic interaction with plants are well studied, but the adaptations that allow survival and growth in the soil environment are poorly understood. We have sequenced the genome of R.(More)
We used comparative genomics to investigate the distribution of conserved DNA-binding motifs in the regulatory regions of genes involved in iron and manganese homeostasis in alpha-proteobacteria. Combined with other computational approaches, this allowed us to reconstruct the metal regulatory network in more than three dozen species with available genome(More)
In wild-type Rhizobium leguminosarum, the sitABCD operon specifies a Mn(2+) transporter whose expression is severely reduced in cells grown in the presence of this metal. Mutations in the R. leguminosarum gene, mur (manganese uptake regulator), whose product resembles the Fur transcriptional regulator, cause high-level expression of sitABCD in the presence(More)
Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) is a key compound in global sulfur and carbon cycles. DMS oxidation products cause cloud nucleation and may affect weather and climate. DMS is generated largely by bacterial catabolism of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), a secondary metabolite made by marine algae. We demonstrate that the bacterial gene dddD is required for this(More)
The alpha-proteobacteria include several important genera, including the symbiotic N(2)-fixing "rhizobia", the plant pathogen Agrobacterium, the mammalian pathogens Brucella, Bartonella as well as many others that are of environmental or other interest--including Rhodobacter, Caulobacter and the hugely abundant marine genus Pelagibacter. Only a few(More)
The Escherichia coli YhdH polypeptide is in the MDR012 sub-group of medium chain reductase/dehydrogenases, but its biological function was unknown and no phenotypes of YhdH(-) mutants had been described. We found that an E. coli strain with an insertional mutation in yhdH was hyper-sensitive to inhibitory effects of acrylate, and, to a lesser extent, to(More)
Rhodobacter sphaeroides strain 2.4.1 is a widely studied bacterium that has recently been shown to cleave the abundant marine anti-stress molecule dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) into acrylate plus gaseous dimethyl sulfide. It does so by using a lyase encoded by dddL, the promoter-distal gene of a three-gene operon, acuR-acuI-dddL. Transcription of the(More)
The manganese uptake regulator Mur of Rhizobium leguminosarum is a close homologue of the global iron regulatory protein Fur. Mur represses the sitABCD operon, which encodes a Mn2+ transport system, specifically in response to Mn2+ but not Fe2+. In previous work the authors mapped the 5' ends of two sit operon transcripts, termed TS1 and TS2, which were(More)
The osmolyte dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) is a key nutrient in marine environments and its catabolism by bacteria through enzymes known as DMSP lyases generates dimethylsulfide (DMS), a gas of importance in climate regulation, the sulfur cycle, and signaling to higher organisms. Despite the environmental significance of DMSP lyases, little is known(More)