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BACKGROUND Central core disease (CCD) and nemaline rod myopathy are generally considered two genetically and histologically distinct disorders. CCD is defined by the presence of well-demarcated round cores within most myofibers. Nemaline rod myopathy is distinguished by the presence of characteristic nemaline bodies within myofibers. The simultaneous(More)
Deposits of amyloid beta-protein (A beta) form the cores of the pathological plaques which characterize Alzheimer's disease. The mechanism of formation of the deposits is unknown; one possibility is failure of a clearance mechanism that would normally remove the protein from brain parenchyma. This study has investigated the capacity of the central nervous(More)
Earlier we have shown alterations in immunoreactivity (IR) to the calcium-binding proteins parvalbumin (PV) and calbindin D-28k (CaB) in surviving Purkinje cells of patients with spinocerebellar ataxia-1 (SCA-1). In the present study we determined PV and CaB expression (by immunohistochemical and immunoblot analyses) in Purkinje cells of transgenic mice(More)
We measured the levels of dopamine, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein, and dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) decarboxylase (DDC) protein in the striatum of 10 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and 23 patients with dominantly inherited olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA). The levels of dopamine were markedly reduced (2% of control) in the(More)
The distribution of two calcium-binding proteins, calbindin D28k (CaBP) and parvalbumin (PV), was investigated by immunohistochemistry in the brains of three individuals dying of nonneurologic illness and three patients with spinocerebellar ataxia-1 (SCA-1). SCA-1 has recently been proven to be due to an unstable CAG repeat mutation on chromosome 6. In the(More)
Most mass lesions of the internal auditory canal and cerebellopontine angle are neoplastic, expansile, and eventually symptomatic. We report two cases of neurogenic hamartomas at these anatomic sites. In a patient with unrelated auditory or vestibular symptoms, such a developmental lesion might result in false-positive posterior fossa contrast results.
We present a two-generation family consisting of a father and two daughters, who had an adult-onset leukodystrophy characterized by widespread destruction of cerebral white matter with neuroaxonal spheroids. The mode of inheritance appears to be autosomal dominant. All three patients presented with a variety of motor and cognitive symptoms, including(More)
Sodium orthovanadate (SOV), a competitive inhibitor of protein tyrosine phosphatases, is neuroprotective in adult animals following an ischemic event. The present study evaluated whether SOV might be protective in a rat pup hypoxic-ischemic (HI) model. Seven-day-old rat pups had the right carotid artery permanently ligated followed by 140 min of hypoxia (8%(More)
A broad spectrum caspase inhibitor reduces hypoxic ischemic brain injury. We hypothesized that a specific caspase-9 inhibitor would provide similar protection. Seven-day-old rat pups had the right carotid artery ligated, then were subjected to 2.5 h of 8% oxygen. Caspase-9 activity in the right cortex was measured enzymatically. Caspase-9 activity was(More)
To explore the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the hypoxic-ischemic (HI) tolerance phenomenon, NO production and brain injury following neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (induced by unilateral common carotid artery ligation followed by hypoxic exposure) were assessed in rat pups with or without HI preconditioning. A previously demonstrated prenatal HI rat model of(More)