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The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a well described cluster of interrelated risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The key components of MetS are central obesity, hypertension, hyperglycaemia and dyslipidaemia. The 2005 International Diabetes Federation (IDF) consensus definition of MetS aimed to reduce confusion over criteria(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW There is well documented evidence for the increasing widespread use of complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of physical and psychiatric symptoms and disorders within Western populations. Here we provide a review of the recent literature on evidence for using such interventions in the treatment of anxiety and depression.(More)
People with a mental illness show a growing incidence of obesity, and higher rates of metabolic syndrome when compared with the general population. This paper reviews research on obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, with the aim of directing clinical attention towards the improvement of patient physical health. A systematic search of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the current study was to evaluate a short review course in psychiatry conducted at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology medical school and any change in student interest in a career in psychiatry. METHOD Students were asked to complete a general psychiatric knowledge questionnaire before and immediately after the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Despite the relative frequency with which the diagnosis of adjustment disorder is made, there is a very limited research literature in regard to its cause, epidemiology and treatment. This review summarizes recent papers and findings in relation to this diagnostic category. RECENT FINDINGS The conceptual underpinnings of the diagnosis(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This article aims to summarize recent findings relating to the impact of fire disasters on the mental health of victims, responders, families and communities within the context of the existing literature. RECENT FINDINGS Recent studies support previous findings that fire disasters are associated with a negative impact on the mental and(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The role of traumatic events in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder is well established but their importance in the other anxiety disorders and in depression is less clear. We have reviewed recent publications in the medical literature which add to current knowledge regarding the possible causative role of trauma and the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This article aims to review and summarize the recent literature investigating the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder and terrorism. A particular focus is given to the studies related to the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC on 11 September 2001. The review aims to provide an update on an article(More)
OBJECTIVES People with a mental illness are more likely to experience poor physical health as compared to the general population. Currently, Australian mental health patients experience a relatively low level of physical health appraisal, prompting the development of the Clinical guidelines for the physical care of mental health consumers assessment and(More)