Jonathan D. Akikusa

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OBJECTIVE Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a predominantly small-vessel vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs). There are few reports describing its clinical features and outcome in children. We report on the experience at a single tertiary referral center over 21 years. METHODS We conducted a retrospective chart review(More)
INTRODUCTION : Rotavirus vaccines were introduced into the funded Australian National Immunization Program (NIP) in July 2007. Due to purchasing arrangements, individual states and territories chose either a 2-dose RV1 (Rotarix, GSK) regimen or 3-dose RV5 (Rotateq, Merck/CSL) regimen. This allowed comparison of both vaccines in similar populations with high(More)
High-dose intravenous pulse methylprednisolone is an important therapeutic modality for many autoimmune conditions in both children and adults. Adverse effects of this therapy include hypertension, hyperglycemia, and, in children, behavioral changes. Cardiac rhythm disturbances, both tachyarrhythmias and bradyarrhythmias, have been reported in adults but(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate aggrecan degradation in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS The pattern and abundance of aggrecan fragments in synovial fluid (SF) aspirates from JIA patients were analyzed and compared with aggrecan fragments in SF from patients with other arthritides, children with knee injury, and a knee-healthy reference group.(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features and course of a cohort of patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) at a tertiary referral pediatric centre in Australia and examine changes in diagnostic and therapeutic approach over time. METHODS Retrospective review of patients diagnosed with JDM at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, between 1989(More)
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is a complex autoimmune rheumatic disease of largely unknown cause. Evidence is growing that epigenetic variation, particularly DNA methylation, is associated with autoimmune disease. However, nothing is currently known about the potential role of aberrant DNA methylation in JIA. As a first step to addressing this(More)
OBJECTIVE To seek insights into the heterogeneity of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) complicating systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) through the analysis of a large patient sample collected in a multinational survey. METHODS International pediatric rheumatologists and hemato-oncologists entered their patient data, collected(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND The aetiology of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is largely unknown. We have established a JIA biobank in Melbourne, Australia called CLARITY - ChiLdhood Arthritis Risk factor Identification sTudY, with the broad aim of identifying genomic and environmental disease risk factors. We present here study protocols, and a comparison(More)
As awareness of the risk of vaccine-preventable diseases for children with rheumatic diseases has increased, vaccination has become an important clinical consideration and focus of research in paediatric rheumatology. Conflicting reports in the literature and differing advice from national bodies regarding the safety of different vaccines for this patient(More)