Jonathan Cowman

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We report the development and demonstration of an assay that distinguishes the pharmacological effects of two widely used antiplatelet therapies, aspirin (COX-1 inhibitor) and clopidogrel (P2Y12 inhibitor). Whole blood is perfused through a low-volume microfluidic device in contact with a well-characterized (ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy)(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of the platelet-specific collagen receptor, glycoprotein (GP) VI, induces intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production; however the relevance of ROS to GPVI-mediated platelet responses remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to explore the role of the ROS-producing NADPH oxidase (Nox)1 and 2 complexes in(More)
Age is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), however the effect of age on platelet function remains unclear. Ideally, platelet function should be assayed under flow and shear conditions that occur in vivo. Our study aimed to characterise the effect of age on platelet translocation behaviour using a novel flow-based assay that measures platelet(More)
The widespread use of intraarterial thrombolytic therapy has been based on perceived benefits over operative treatment and the downgrading of the magnitude of subsequent surgery. Thirty-three patients who had thrombolysis for peripheral artery occlusion were retrospectively analyzed at St. James's Hospital from 1991 to 1997. One patient received(More)
The imaging of shear-mediated dynamic platelet behavior interacting with surface-immobilized von Willebrand factor (vWF) has tremendous potential in characterizing changes in platelet function for clinical diagnostics purposes. However, the imaging output, a series of images representing platelets adhering and rolling on the surface, poses unique,(More)
Objective A limited number of platelet function studies in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have yielded conflicting results. We sought to evaluate platelet reactivity in IUGR using a novel platelet aggregation assay. Study Design Pregnancies with IUGR were recruited from 24 weeks' gestation (estimated fetal weight < 10th centile) and had platelet(More)
Essentials It is unclear if platelet function differs between preterm and full-term neonates. Platelet behavior was characterized using a flow-based assay on von Willebrand Factor (VWF). Preterms had increased platelet interaction with VWF and glycoprotein Ibα expression. Platelets from preterm neonates behave differently on VWF compared to full-term(More)
While critically important, the platelet function at the high shear rates typical of the microcirculation is relatively poorly understood. Using a large scale Stokes flow simulation, Zhao et al. recently showed that RBC-induced velocity fluctuations cause platelets to marginate into the RBC free near-wall region [Zhao et al., Physics of Fluids, 2012, 24,(More)
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