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BACKGROUND Botanical products are frequently used for treatment of nasal allergy. Three of these substances, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Malpighia glabra, and Bidens pilosa, have been shown to have a number of anti-allergic properties in-vitro. The current study was conducted to determine the effects of these combined ingredients upon the nasal response to(More)
BACKGROUND Angioedema is a rare but potentially serious adverse event of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy. However, no prospective, controlled studies have reported on its incidence and clinical characteristics. METHODS We studied the occurrence of angioedema in a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of 12 557 persons with(More)
INTRODUCTION In a subset of patients with asthma, standard-of-care treatment does not achieve disease control, highlighting the need for novel therapeutic approaches. Lebrikizumab is a humanised, monoclonal antibody that binds to and blocks interleukin-13 activity. METHODS LUTE and VERSE were replicate, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Dupilumab, a fully human anti-interleukin-4 receptor α monoclonal antibody, inhibits interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 signalling, key drivers of type-2-mediated inflammation. Adults with uncontrolled persistent asthma who are receiving medium-to-high-dose inhaled corticosteroids plus a long-acting β2 agonist require additional treatment options(More)
C urrent guidelines for the treatment of asthma recommend inhaled corticosteroids for all patients with persistent asthma. Despite the increasing use of these drugs, asthma remains poorly controlled in a small subset of individuals who do not respond fully to existing therapies. The medical needs of these patients have prompted a search for new medications(More)
Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have proven to be the most effective and essential therapy for the treatment of bronchial asthma. The 2007 National Asthma Education and Prevention Program guidelines recommend ICS as preferred therapy for patients with mild to severe persistent asthma. Mometasone furoate (MF) is a relatively new ICS agent with high affinity(More)
BACKGROUND Leukotriene receptor antagonists have been shown to attenuate physiologic changes in the upper and lower airways induced by allergen challenge. However, it is unknown whether these drugs modulate airway inflammation after exposure to allergen in a natural setting. OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of the oral leukotriene receptor antagonist(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the long-term pediatric safety of 2 doses of mometasone furoate administered via a dry powder inhaler (MF-DPI) for mild-to-moderate persistent asthma and compare them with that of beclomethasone dipropionate administered via a metered dose inhaler (BDP-MDI) in the treatment of persistent asthma. Both MF-DPI doses tested are twice the(More)
BACKGROUND Sinusitis and rhinitis are associated with uncontrolled asthma. There are no simple, validated tools to screen for these diseases. The objective of this study was to assess instruments to assist in the diagnosis of chronic sinonasal disease. METHODS Participants without acute sinonasal symptoms underwent an extensive evaluation. The results(More)