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Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is a purine catabolic enzyme that manages levels of the biologically active purines adenosine and 2'-deoxyadenosine in tissues and cells. ADA-deficient mice die at 3 wk of age from severe respiratory distress. This phenotype is progressive and is linked to perturbations in pulmonary purine metabolism. The inflammatory changes found(More)
Adenosine signaling has diverse actions on inflammation and tissue injury. Levels of adenosine are rapidly elevated in response to tissue injury; however, the mechanisms responsible for adenosine production in response to injury are not well understood. In this study, we found that adenosine levels are elevated in the lungs of mice injured by the drug(More)
Adenosine is a signaling nucleoside that has been implicated in the regulation of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Adenosine signaling can serve both pro- and anti-inflammatory functions in tissues and cells. In this study we examined the contribution of A(1) adenosine receptor (A(1)AR) signaling to the pulmonary inflammation and injury(More)
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency results in a combined immunodeficiency brought about by the immunotoxic properties of elevated ADA substrates. Additional non-lymphoid abnormalities are associated with ADA deficiency, however, little is known about how these relate to the metabolic consequences of ADA deficiency. ADA-deficient mice develop a combined(More)
Adenosine is a signaling nucleoside that has been suggested to play a role in asthma in part through its ability to influence mediator release from mast cells. Adenosine levels are elevated in the lungs of asthmatics, further implicating this molecule in the regulation of lung inflammation and suggesting that animal models exhibiting endogenous increases in(More)
Adenosine has been implicated as a modulator of inflammatory processes central to asthma. However, the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. We used Atlas mouse cDNA arrays to analyze differential gene expression in association with lung inflammation resulting from elevated adenosine in adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient mice. We report that(More)
Adenosine is a signaling molecule produced during conditions that cause cellular stress or damage. This signaling pathway is implicated in the regulation of pulmonary disorders through the selective engagement of adenosine receptors. The goal of this study was to examine the involvement of the A(3) adenosine receptor (A(3)R) in a bleomycin model of(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Challenges remain in the imaging of the lungs of free-breathing mice. Although computed tomographic (CT) imaging is near optimal from a contrast perspective, the rapid respiration rate, limited temporal resolution, and inflexible x-ray pulse control of most micro-CT scanners limit their utility in pulmonary imaging. Carbon nanotubes(More)
Parasitoses of the intestinal tract are rare in Europe. Their diagnosis is difficult since the general symptoms are frequently only little pronounced or completely lacking. On the other hand, the course of the disease may be fatal. Such cases from the literature and our own observations are intended to call to memory the differential diagnosis of intestinal(More)