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The aim of this study was to design a protocol for vitrification and warming of porcine embryos in a chemically defined medium. A total of 663 morulae and blastocysts were collected from weaned crossbred sows (Large White-Landrace) 5 to 6 d after estrus and vitrified with the Superfine Open Pulled Straw method. In Experiment 1, embryos were vitrified using(More)
Our objective was to study the effect of the concentration of ethylene glycol (EG) and dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) during vitrification on the development of porcine blastocysts. Vitrification was performed with 0.4 M sucrose and either a Me2SO and EG mixture (15%, 16% and 17% v/v of each) or EG alone (40% v/v), using superfine open pulled straws. Fresh and(More)
The objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate the influence of porcine embryo developmental stage on in vitro embryo development after vitrification, (2) to study the efficiency of the one-step dilution procedure, compared with conventional warming, for vitrified embryos at different stages of development, and (3) to determine the influence of the(More)
Excellent fertility and prolificacy have been reported after non-surgical deep uterine transfers of fresh in vivo-derived porcine embryos. Unfortunately, when this technology is used with vitrified embryos, the reproductive performance of recipients is low. For this reason and because the embryos must be stored until they are transferred to the recipient(More)
The maternal tract plays a critical role in the success of early embryonic development providing an optimal environment for establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. Preparation of this environment requires an intimate dialogue between the embryo and her mother. However, many intriguing aspects remain unknown in this unique communication system. To(More)
This study was aimed to determine the effect of forskolin on the viability of in vivo-derived porcine embryos vitrified by the superfine open pulled straw (SOPS) or solid surface vitrification (SSV) methods at the 2-cell, 4-cell, and blastocyst stages. Zygotes, 2- to 4-cell embryos, and morulae were obtained from superovulated sows. After collection,(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the competence of frozen-thawed (FT) boar spermatozoa on the developmental ability of early porcine embryos under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Repeat deep uterine insemination was applied to sows (n=12) at 30 h and 36 h after estrus detection, using either 750 x 10(6) of liquid or FT motile spermatozoa in a(More)
Porcine embryos, which had been vitrified and stored in liquid nitrogen for up to three yr, were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the influence of duration of storage on their in vitro viability post-warming. All embryos were vitrified (OPS or SOPS) and warmed (three-step or direct warming) using procedures that resulted in the same in vitro survival,(More)
The aims of this study were (1) to determine the effect of in vitro maturation (IVM) medium supplementation with MEM vitamins on in vitro embryo development and sensitivity to vitrification of Day 6 blastocysts and (2) to evaluate whether the addition of forskolin to in vitro culture (IVC) medium enhances blastocyst survival following Super Open Pulled(More)
Hoechst 33342 (H342) in combination with ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is frequently used to assist the enucleation of porcine oocytes in somatic cell nuclear transfer programs. This work evaluated the effects of H342 (5 μg/mL for 12 min) staining and/or exposure to UV irradiation on fertilisability and developmental capacity of porcine oocytes matured in(More)