Jonatan Konfino

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BACKGROUND Argentina's congress passed a tobacco control law that would enforce 100% smoke-free environments for the entire country, strong and pictorial health warnings on tobacco products and a comprehensive advertising ban. However, the Executive Branch continues to review the law and it has not been fully implemented. Our objective was to project the(More)
To evaluate how socio-economic gradients in NCDs and NCD-related risk factors change over time. Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the 2005 and 2009 Argentine National Risk Factor Surveys (N = 41,392 and N = 34,732) was conducted. We analyzed inequalities in three risk factors (low physical activity, obesity, and diabetes) according to income(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in adults in Argentina. Sodium reduction policies targeting processed foods were implemented in 2011 in Argentina, but the impact has not been evaluated. The aims of this study are to use Argentina-specific data on sodium excretion and project the impact of Argentina's sodium reduction(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify main barriers to preventing cardiovascular disease and implementing clinical practice guidelines in primary care, to pilot implementation of a tailored enactment of the adapted World Health Organization guidelines to prevent cardiovascular disease, and to assess the impact of the intervention in risk stratification. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Chagas disease affects mainly poor populations in Latin America. This review assesses the evidence on the independent risk of cardiovascular events associated with positive Chagas serology. METHODS We searched for studies using the following outcomes: death, stroke, new onset heart failure, heart failure hospitalization or evidence of left(More)
Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of deaths worldwide. The MPOWER package, the six recommended policies of the World Health Organization (WHO) to reverse the tobacco epidemic, strongly recommends monitoring tobacco use trends. Because evidence indicates that smoking addiction often starts before the age of 18 years, there is a need to monitor(More)
OBJECTIVE Estimate the cost-utility ratio of an intervention to reduce dietary salt intake in people over the age of 35 in Argentina. METHODS The intervention consisted of reducing salt content in food by 5% to 25%. A simulation model was used to measure the impact of policies on heart disease in order to predict incidence, prevalence, mortality, and cost(More)
Objective: To describe the population that reports to have visited tobacco points of sale (POS) in Argentina and their perception of tobacco advertising. Materials and methods: We used data from the 2013 National Risk Factor Survey. Results: We included 31 167 respondents (96% of the total) who attended a store that sells cigarettes in the previous 30(More)
Low level of health literacy is associated with poor communication between patients and clinicians and with increased hospitalization rates, less frequent screening for cancer, poor control of diabetes, and disproportionately high rates of disease and mortality. Despite the importance of health literacy in medicine, there is no information about its(More)
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