Jonas Valantinas

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BACKGROUND We evaluated the distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes and determined their association with routes of infection according to the sex and age of the study subjects. MATERIAL/METHODS We studied 1158 patients with chronic hepatitis C. Hepatitis C virus antibodies were detected with a microparticle enzyme immunoassay, hepatitis C virus(More)
Bile acidification is a key factor in preventing calcium carbonate precipitation and gallstone formation. Carbonic anhydrase II (CA II), that is inhibited by acetazolamide, plays a role in regulation of the acid-base balance in many tissues. This study examines the effect of acetazolamide on secretin- and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-stimulated(More)
To test the hypothesis of broad specificity of the hepatocellular bile acid uptake system(s) we investigated the kinetics and substrate specificity of Na+-dependent taurocholate uptake in basolateral (sinusoidal) rat liver plasma membrane vesicles in the presence and absence of bovine serum albumin. Bovine serum albumin selectively stimulated the(More)
Detailed, country-specific epidemiological data are needed to characterize the burden of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection around the world. With new treatment options available, policy makers and public health officials must reconsider national strategies for infection control. In this study of 15 countries, published and unpublished data on HCV(More)
The primary goal of this hospital-based retrospective multicenter case series study was to determine the incidence of large bowel full-thickness injury associated with colonoscopy in Lithuania. We assessed characteristics of patients who were treated as a result of this complication; management and outcomes were the secondary goals of this study. The(More)
The mechanism(s) and driving forces for biliary excretion of sulfate were investigated in canalicular rat liver plasma membrane vesicles (cLPM). Incubation of cLPM vesicles in the presence of an inside-to-outside (in, out) bicarbonate gradient (50 mM in, 5 mM out, pH 8.0 in and out), but not pH (pH 8.0 in, 6.0 out) or out-to-in sodium gradients, stimulated(More)
PURPOSE Inter-individual thiopurine metabolism variability can influence treatment outcomes in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. Genetic polymorphisms in thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) and inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPA) were linked with toxicity of azathioprine (AZA). The aim of the study was to investigate frequencies of TPMT and(More)
Endoscopic therapy is the principal method of treatment for esophageal varices. The recurrence of varices is still common following endoscopic treatment. The aim was to identify predictive factors for variceal recurrence detected by endosonography. We performed a systematic review of studies published prior to June 2013. Studies analyzing gastroesophageal(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic was forecasted through 2030 for 15 countries in Europe, the Middle East and Asia, and the relative impact of two scenarios was considered: increased treatment efficacy while holding the annual number of treated patients constant and increased treatment efficacy and an increased annual number of treated patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE Variceal recurrence following endoscopic band ligation (EBL) is common. Esophageal collateral veins (ECV) are observed by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in patients with portal hypertension. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of EUS in predicting the recurrence of esophageal varices following EBL. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty(More)