Jonas Valantinas

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BACKGROUND The primary goal of this hospital-based retrospective multicenter case series study was to determine the incidence of large bowel full-thickness injury associated with colonoscopy in Lithuania. We assessed characteristics of patients who were treated as a result of this complication; management and outcomes were the secondary goals of this study.(More)
To test the hypothesis of broad specificity of the hepatocellular bile acid uptake system(s) we investigated the kinetics and substrate specificity of Na+-dependent taurocholate uptake in basolateral (sinusoidal) rat liver plasma membrane vesicles in the presence and absence of bovine serum albumin. Bovine serum albumin selectively stimulated the(More)
Detailed, country-specific epidemiological data are needed to characterize the burden of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection around the world. With new treatment options available, policy makers and public health officials must reconsider national strategies for infection control. In this study of 15 countries, published and unpublished data on HCV(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic was forecasted through 2030 for 15 countries in Europe, the Middle East and Asia, and the relative impact of two scenarios was considered: increased treatment efficacy while holding the annual number of treated patients constant and increased treatment efficacy and an increased annual number of treated patients.(More)
Bile acidification is a key factor in preventing calcium carbonate precipitation and gallstone formation. Carbonic anhydrase II (CA II), that is inhibited by acetazolamide, plays a role in regulation of the acid-base balance in many tissues. This study examines the effect of acetazolamide on secretin- and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-stimulated(More)
The mechanism(s) and driving forces for biliary excretion of sulfate were investigated in canalicular rat liver plasma membrane vesicles (cLPM). Incubation of cLPM vesicles in the presence of an inside-to-outside (in, out) bicarbonate gradient (50 mM in, 5 mM out, pH 8.0 in and out), but not pH (pH 8.0 in, 6.0 out) or out-to-in sodium gradients, stimulated(More)
BACKGROUND Differences between populations might be reflected in their different genetic risk maps to complex diseases, for example, inflammatory bowel disease. We here investigated the role of known inflammatory bowel disease-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a subset of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) from the Northeastern(More)