Jonas Sommar

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Four measurement campaigns were carried out to monitor total gaseous mercury (TGM) at one site in the Guiyang City, PR China in the following periods: April 19-30, 2000; February 26-March 14, 2001; June 26-July 20, 2001; and October 9-November 22, 2001, respectively. High temporal resolved data were obtained by using automated mercury analyzers Gardis 1A(More)
Due to the fast developing economy, mercury (Hg) emissions to the atmosphere from Chinese mainland have increased rapidly in recent years. Consequently, this issue has received a considerable attention internationally. This paper reviews the current understanding of and knowledge on atmospheric Hg emissions, distribution and transport in China. The(More)
The influence of topography on the biogeochemical cycle of mercury (Hg) has received relatively little attention. Here, we report the measurement of Hg species and their corresponding isotope composition in soil sampled along an elevational gradient transect on Mt. Leigong in subtropical southwestern China. The data are used to explain orography-related(More)
Quantifying the air-surface exchange of Hg(o) from soils is critical to understanding the cycling of mercury in different environmental compartments. Dynamic flux chambers (DFCs) have been widely employed for Hg(o) flux measurement over soils. However, DFCs of different sizes, shapes, and sampling flow rates yield distinct measured fluxes for a soil(More)
Whole rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) were collected at different typical mercury (Hg) contaminated sites during regular harvest periods to investigate the distribution of inorganic mercury (IHg) and methylmercury (MeHg) in tissues. The whole rice plants were divided into rice seed (brown rice), hull, root, stalk and leaf. Elevated IHg and MeHg concentrations(More)
A comparison of manual procedures for measurements of dissolved gaseous mercury (DGM) in seawater was accomplished. The experiments were performed on board the Italian research vessel Urania during July 2000 as a subtask in the CNR "Med-Oceanor Project 2000". Water samples for DGM were collected by Go-Flo bottles and subsequently analysed for DGM on board(More)
Dynamic flux chambers (DFCs) and micrometeorological (MM) methods are extensively deployed for gauging air–surface Hg gas exchange. However, a systematic evaluation of the precision of the contemporary Hg flux quantification methods is not available. In this study, the uncertainty in Hg flux measured by the relaxed eddy accumulation (REA) method, the(More)
Atmospheric mercury species/fractions were measured near a chlor-alkali plant in Sweden during August 28 to September 4, 2001. The concentration of total gaseous mercury in the plume from the plant was measured using TEKRAN and GARDIS instruments. Gaseous elemental mercury was measured using a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) technique. From vertical(More)
The isotopic composition of atmospheric total gaseous mercury (TGM) and particle-bound mercury (PBM) and mercury (Hg) in litterfall samples have been determined at urban/industrialized and rural sites distributed over mainland China for identifying Hg sources and transformation processes. TGM and PBM near anthropogenic emission sources display negative(More)
Total particulate mercury (TPM) in air has been measured during five 2-week campaigns at five measurement sites in Northern Europe. The measurements covered four seasons and the result constitutes a unique TPM data set from this region. Evidence for transport of TPM on a regional scale is reported as well as the historical trend of TPM in south of Sweden.(More)