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In freeze-fracture (FF) preparations of ADH-stimulated toad urinary bladder, characteristic intramembrane particle (IMP) aggregates are seen on the protoplasmic (P) face of the luminal membrane of granular cells while complementary parallel grooves are found on the exoplasmic (E) face. These IMP aggregates specifically correlate with ADH-induced changes in… (More)
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)-induced luminal intramembranous particle aggregates and hormonally stimulated water flow in toad urinary bladder are reduced simultaneously with a reduction in temperature. When water movement is factored by the aggregation response, the apparent activation energy for this process decreases from 12.1 +/- 1.6 to 3.0 +/- 2.3… (More)
Vasopressin increases the water permeability of the luminal membrane of the toad bladder epithelial cell. This change in permeability correlates with the occurrence in luminal membranes of intramembrane particle aggregates, which may be the sites for transmembrane water flow. Withdrawal of vasopressin is ordinarily associated with a rapid reduction of water… (More)
This paper presents a novel model for wine fermentation including a death phase for yeast and the influence of oxygen on the process. A model for the inclusion of the yeast dying phase is derived and compared to a model taken from the literature. The modeling ability of the several models is analyzed by comparing their simulation results.