Jonas Abrahamsson

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BACKGROUND In adults, it has been shown that the pharmacokinetics of doxorubicin are highly variable, despite standardization of the dose based on body surface area (BSA). The purpose of this study was to determine the plasma concentrations of doxorubicin and its active metabolite doxorubicinol in children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). (More)
There are no data on the role of postconsolidation therapy with gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO; Mylotarg) in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The NOPHO-AML 2004 protocol studied postconsolidation randomization to GO or no further therapy. GO was administered at 5 mg/m(2) and repeated after 3 weeks. We randomized 120 patients; 59 to receive GO.(More)
OBJECTIVES Immunity to diphtheria toxoid (D), tetanus toxoid (T), and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is affected in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The aims were to examine immunity and to compare the response to immunization at 1 or 6 months after treatment. METHODS Thirty-one patients were immunized with DT and conjugated Hib(More)
PURPOSE In neuroblastoma, the ALK receptor tyrosine kinase is activated by point mutations. We investigated the potential role of ALK mutations in neuroblastoma clonal evolution. METHODS We analyzed ALK mutations in 54 paired diagnosis-relapse neuroblastoma samples using Sanger sequencing. When an ALK mutation was observed in one paired sample, a minor(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia suggest better results when using pediatric protocols for adult patients, while corresponding data for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are limited. PROCEDURE We investigated disease characteristics and outcome for de novo AML patients 10-30 years old treated in pediatric or(More)
Three consecutive protocols for childhood acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) have been used in the Nordic countries since 1984: the Nordic Society for Paediatric Haematology and Oncology (NOPHO)-AML84 was of moderate intensity, NOPHO-AML88 of high intensity with upfront loading and aggressive consolidation. NOPHO-AML93 utilized the same treatment blocks as(More)
In all, 447 children with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) have been treated on three consecutive NOPHO studies from July 1984 to December 2001. NOPHO-AML 84 was of moderate intensity with an induction of three courses of cytarabine, 6-thioguanine and doxorubicin followed by four consolidation courses with high-dose cytarabine. The 5-year event-free survival(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia is poorer in adults than in children. Studies have indicated that young adults benefit from pediatric treatment, although no upper age limit has been defined. DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed 749 patients aged 1-45 yr treated by the NOPHO ALL-2008 protocol. Minimal residual disease (MRD) on days 29(More)
Mutation status of FLT3, NPM1, CEBPA, and WT1 genes and gene expression levels of ERG, MN1, BAALC, FLT3, and WT1 have been identified as possible prognostic markers in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We have performed a thorough prognostic evaluation of these genetic markers in patients with pediatric AML enrolled in the Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology(More)
In the Nordic Society for Paediatric Haematology and Oncology paediatric study acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) 93, event-free survival was 50% and overall survival was 66%, indicating that many patients were cured following relapse. Factors influencing outcome in children with relapsed AML were investigated. The study included all 146 children in the Nordic(More)