Jonas Šarlauskas

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Mammalian thioredoxin reductases (TrxR) are important selenium-dependent antioxidant enzymes. Quinones, a wide group of natural substances, human drugs, and environmental pollutants may act either as TrxR substrates or inhibitors. Here we systematically analyzed the interactions of TrxR with different classes of quinone compounds. We found that TrxR(More)
We aimed to elucidate the role of electronic and structural parameters of nitroaromatic compounds in their two-electron reduction by NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1, DT-diaphorase, EC The multiparameter regression analysis shows that the reactivity of nitroaromatic compounds (n=38) increases with an increase in their single-electron(More)
The mechanisms of cytotoxicity of polynitroaromatic explosives, an important group of environmental pollutants, remain insufficiently studied so far. We have found that the rate constants of single-electron enzymatic reduction, and the enthalpies of single-electron reduction of nitroaromatic compounds (DeltaHf(ArNO(2)(-*)), obtained by quantum mechanical(More)
It is supposed that the main cytotoxicity mechanism of antitumour aziridinyl-substituted benzoquinones is their two-electron reduction to alkylating products by NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1, DT-diaphorase, EC However, other possible cytotoxicity mechanisms, e.g., oxidative stress, are studied insufficiently. In the single-electron(More)
Enterobacter cloacae NAD(P)H:nitroreductase (NR; EC catalyzes the reduction of a series of nitroaromatic compounds with steady-state bimolecular rate constants (kcat/Km) ranging from 10(4) to 10(7) M(-1) s(-1). In agreement with a previously proposed scheme of two-step four-electron reduction of nitroaromatics by NR (Koder, R. L., and Miller,(More)
The toxicity of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), a widespread environmental contaminant, is exerted through its enzymatic redox cycling and/or covalent binding of its reduction products to proteins and DNA. In this study, we examined the possibility of another cytotoxicity mechanism of the amino- and hydroxylamino metabolites of TNT, their flavoenzyme-catalyzed(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana NADPH:thioredoxin reductase (TR, EC catalyzed redox cycling of aromatic nitrocompounds, including the explosives 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene and tetryl, and the herbicide 3,5-dinitro-o-cresol. The yield of nitro anion radicals was equal to 70-90%. Redox cycling of tetryl was accompanied by formation of N-methylpicramide. Bimolecular(More)
Mammalian NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1, DT-diaphorase, EC catalyzes the two-electron reduction of quinones and plays one of the main roles in the bioactivation of quinoidal drugs. In order to understand the enzyme substrate specificity, we have examined the reactions of rat NQO1 with a number of quinones with available potentials of(More)
Rat liver DT-diaphorase (EC catalyzed reductive N-denitration of tetryl (2,4,6-tri-nitrophenyl-N-methylnitramine) and 2,4-dinitrophenyl-N-methylnitramine, oxidizing the excess of NADPH. The reactions were accompanied by oxygen consumption and superoxide dismutase-sensitive reduction of added cytochrome c and reductive release of Fe2+ from(More)
We have synthesized a number of nitrobenzimidazoles containing nitro groups in the benzene ring and found that they acted as relatively efficient substrates for rat liver DT-diaphorase (EC, their reactivity exceeding reactivities of nitrofurans and nitrobenzenes. Nitrobenzimidazoles were competitive with NADPH inhibitors of DT-diaphorase in(More)