Jon Vidar Helvik

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The phylum Chlamydiae contains obligate intracellular bacteria, several of which cause disease in their hosts. Morphological studies have suggested that this group of bacteria may be pathogens of fish, causing cysts in epithelial tissue - epitheliocystis. Recently, the first genetic evidence of a chlamydial aetiology of this disease in seawater reared(More)
The eight distinct hormone-producing cell types in the adenohypophysis of male Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) were identified and localized using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Lactotropes either occupied most of the rostral pars distalis (RPD) or they were arranged in follicular structures located along the periphery of(More)
In order to facilitate emerging models of retinal development, we developed electroretinogram and in situ hybridization protocols to examine the ontogeny of photoreceptors in the retina of a land-locked salmonid, the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). We cloned cDNA fragments corresponding to the rod opsin and each of the four cone opsin gene families,(More)
Using Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) as a model organism, the aim of this report was to delineate whether teleostean eggshell zona radiata proteins have their origin, i.e., site of synthesis, in gonadal or somatic tissues. Estradiol-17 beta was administered intraperitoneally to one-year-old cod (Gadus morhua) with either undeveloped gonads or with(More)
The identities of single cone cells in the retina of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) larvae were studied by in situ hybridisation using RNA probes for the five different halibut opsins. Four different cone opsins (ultraviolet-, blue-, green- and red-sensitive) are expressed in Atlantic halibut at the end of the yolk-sac period, whereas rod(More)
Most molecular studies on the visual system in fish have been performed on freshwater teleosts such as goldfish and zebrafish where cones and rods appear simultaneously. Many marine fishes have long larval phase in the upper pelagic zone before transformation into a juvenile and a benthic life style. The retina at the larval stages consists of only single(More)
During growth of the ovarian follicle, the teleost oocyte becomes surrounded by an acellular coat, the vitelline envelope. The nature, origin and number of the vitelline envelope proteins in fish appear to vary with species. In this work, polyclonal antibodies directed against vitelline envelope proteins from rainbow trout, brown trout and turbot were used(More)
The highly hydrophobic protein aggregate which constitutes the fish eggshell has for the first time been quantitatively solubilized. This study shows that the nonactivated eggshell from cod is composed primarily of only three protein monomers, designated alpha (74 kDa) beta (54 kDa) and gamma (47 kDa). Protein extraction studies of the eggshells before and(More)
Salmon parr-smolt transformation (smoltification) is a mid-life transitional stage between life in freshwater and seawater that entails a wide range of neural, endocrine and physiological modifications. In salmon, the neuroendocrine corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) system regulates pituitary adrenocorticotrophic hormone and thyrotrophin release. Four(More)
Melanopsin is a newly discovered photopigment that is believed to be involved in the regulation of circadian rhythms in tetrapods. Here we describe the characterization of the first two teleost melanopsins (opn4a and opn4b) isolated from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). These two teleost genes belong to a subgroup of melanopsins that also include members from(More)