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Therapist characteristics were explored as possible predictors of working alliance, rated early and later in therapy both by therapists (n=59) and patients (n=270) in an ongoing multisite project on process and outcome of psychotherapy. Patients and therapists had divergent perspectives on the working alliance. Therapists' experience, training, skill, and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was the prediction of the quality of early working alliance, using possible predictors among patient pretreatment variables: diagnoses, current and past relationships and intrapsychic ones. Data are from the ongoing, naturalistic Norwegian Multisite Project on Process and Outcome of Psychotherapy (NMSPOP). METHODS The(More)
This report presents the results of a 7-year prospective outcome study designed to examine the psychosocial changes during and after therapy among 25 outpatients suffering from personality disorders and psychoses. The therapeutic approach was based mainly on object relations theory and psychodynamic self-psychology, and focused in particular on affect(More)
Affect consciousness (AC) was operationalized as degrees of awareness, tolerance, nonverbal expression, and conceptual expression of nine specific affects. A semistructured interview (ACI) and separate scales were developed to assess these aspects of affect integration. Their psychometric properties were preliminarily explored by having 20 former(More)
Associations between symptoms and interpersonal problems, assessed with the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R) and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-64-item version (IIP-64), are examined in a large psychiatric outpatient sample. On the basis of the IIP-64 scores, the sample was divided into 8 subgroups, made up of different types of predominant(More)
The present study investigated whether and how various therapists' (N = 68) self-reported characteristics relating to their therapeutic work predicted patients' (N = 335) early ratings of the working alliance in a naturalistic psychotherapy study. Results from multilevel modeling demonstrated that certain self-reports accounted well for the therapist effect(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal was to investigate patients' rating of working alliance in longer-term individual psychotherapy (N=201), in order to determine different patterns of development and predictors of positive versus negative development. DESIGN The study explored patient factors that might be associated with positive versus negative development of the(More)
OBJECTIVE No studies, to our knowledge, have examined what specific kinds of interpersonal problems characterize a general psychiatric outpatient population. Do they differ from the normal population in any specific way, apart from the expected "more of everything"? The aim of this study was to map and categorize a large psychiatric outpatient sample with(More)
This article describes the results of an eight-month follow-up investigation from a randomized controlled trial of day hospital psychotherapy (DHP) compared with outpatient individual psychotherapy (OIP) for patients with personality disorders (N=114). The patients were randomly assigned to either 18 weeks of day hospital treatment followed by long-term(More)
Affect integration, or the capacity to utilize the motivational and signal properties of affect for personal adjustment, is assumed to be an important aspect of psychological health and functioning. Affect integration has been operationalized through the affect consciousness (AC) construct as degrees of awareness, tolerance, nonverbal expression, and(More)