Jon TH Bergthorsson

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Studies on Icelandic breast cancer families have shown that most of them segregate a 999del5 BRCA2 mutation. Here, we report the frequency of the 999del5 BRCA2 mutation in an Icelandic control population and four different groups of cancer patients diagnosed with (a) breast cancer; (b) ovarian cancer; (c) prostate cancer (patients younger than 65 years);(More)
Germline mutations in the breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 are responsible for the majority of cases involving hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. Whereas all truncating mutations are considered as functionally deleterious, most of the missense variants identified to date cannot be readily distinguished as either disease-associated(More)
Mutations in the CHK2 gene at chromosome 22q12.1 have been reported in families with Li-Fraumeni syndrome. Chk2 is an effector kinase that is activated in response to DNA damage and is involved in cell-cycle pathways and p53 pathways. We screened 139 breast tumors for loss of heterozygosity at chromosome 22q, using seven microsatellite markers, and screened(More)
A significant proportion of familial breast cancers cannot be explained by mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. We applied a strategy to identify predisposition loci for breast cancer by using mathematical models to identify early somatic genetic deletions in tumor tissues followed by targeted linkage analysis. Comparative genomic hybridization was used(More)
In this study we examined loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 13q12-13 in 50 tumors from BRCA2 carriers in five families showing strong evidence of linkage to BRCA2. In addition to high frequency of LOH in female breast cancer, LOH was observed in tumors of the prostate, ovary, cervix, colon, male breast, and ureter. All detected losses involved the(More)
Instability of microsatellite DNA or replication error (RER) is characteristic of tumours caused by mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency. Germline mutations in MMR genes are associated with Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) and somatic mutations in these genes are also found in a substantial fraction of colorectal cancers (CRC). In this(More)
The FHIT gene is a putative tumour suppressor gene. In this study, we analysed a set of 50 gastric tumours for alterations of FHIT, and found 38 of 45 tumours (84%) exhibiting loss of heterozygosity (LOH) within the FHIT gene. We used both nested Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and single step RT-PCR to analyse the FHIT transcripts(More)
Primary breast tumors were tested for loss of heterozygosity (LOH), on chromosome 9p with microsatellite markers restricted to a 28 cM region including the MTS1 gene. LOH was found with at least 1 marker in 38% of the 201 cases analyzed. A high frequency of deletions was detected at the 9p23-p21 region, indicating a tumor suppressor gene(s) important for(More)
The majority of breast cancer in high risk families is believed to result from a mutation in either of two genes named BRCA1 and BRCA2. A germline defect in either gene is usually followed by chromosomal deletion of the normal allele in the tumour. In Iceland two recurrent mutations have been identified, 999del5 BRCA2 and G5193A BRCA1. In this study,(More)