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The oncogenic protein Ski associates with Smad proteins and counteracts their activation of gene expression and growth inhibition in response to transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta). Here we show that Ski protein levels are increased in all 44 human melanoma tumor tissues analyzed in vivo. In addition, Ski subcellular localization changes from(More)
PURPOSE Most studies accept a multistep pathogenic process in melanoma that may include the phases of benign nevi and dysplastic nevi, melanoma, and metastatic melanoma. Dysregulation of cellular proliferation and apoptosis is probably involved in melanoma progression and response to therapy. We have studied the expression of galectin-3, a(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of spinal deformity, affecting up to 4% of children worldwide. Familial inheritance of AIS is now recognised and several potential candidate loci have been found. METHODS We studied 25 multi-generation AIS families of British descent with at least 3 affected members in each family. A(More)
The SKI protein represses the TGF-beta tumor suppressor pathway by associating with the Smad transcription factors. SKI is upregulated in human malignant melanoma tumors in a disease-progression manner and its overexpression promotes proliferation and migration of melanoma cells in vitro. The mechanisms by which SKI antagonizes TGF-beta signaling in vivo(More)
We report the rapid (less than 1 hr), immunocytochemical identification of various fungi in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues using antisera originally developed for use in immunodiffusion assays. Primary antisera directed towards fungal genera including Aspergillus, Blastomyces, Candida, Coccidioides, Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, and Sporothrix were(More)
Melanocytic nevus cells in the dermis adopt many morphological features of Schwann cells. These differentiation-related changes typically are not observed in melanomas. However, nevus cells do not fully recapitulate a Schwann cell phenotype, because they lack expression of mature myelin-associated proteins. In this study, melanocytic nevi and malignant(More)
We describe a less than one-hour manual method for immunocytochemical analyses of B5 or formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. The method employs capillary action to sequentially apply, incubate and remove liquid reagents from apposed pairs of up to 20 glass microscope slides and allows for simultaneous immunocytochemical analyses of as many as(More)
A 7-year-old girl presented with pain and progressive swelling on the left plantar surface. Biopsy of a 2.5 cm mass showed nests of large round to oval neoplastic cells with abundant amphophilic to clear cytoplasm, prominent nucleoli and high mitotic activity. Occasional cells showed spindled morphology. Infrequent melanin pigment was present. Melanocytic(More)
T he term hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is used to describe a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders in which the defining clinical feature is progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower limbs. The phenotype is traditionally classified as ‘‘pure’’ when symptoms and signs are generally confined to those of a progressive(More)
Sporadic and familial malignant melanoma susceptibility has been linked to defects in the chromosomal region 9p21. Recently, a putative 9p21 tumor suppressor gene, the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2 (CDKN2) or p16 gene, has been shown to be deleted, mutated, or rearranged in a high percentage of sporadic melanoma cell lines, as well as mutated in the(More)