Jon R. Polansky

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Glaucoma is a major cause of blindness and is characterized by progressive degeneration of the optic nerve and is usually associated with elevated intraocular pressure. Analyses of sequence tagged site (STS) content and haplotype sharing between families affected with chromosome 1q-linked open angle glaucoma (GLC1A) were used to prioritize candidate genes(More)
Expression of the trabecular meshwork inducible glucocorticoid response (TIGR) gene progressively increases from barely detectable levels to greater than 2% of total cellular mRNA over 10 days exposure of trabecular meshwork (TM) cells to dexamethasone. Cycloheximide blocked most of the TIGR mRNA induction, suggesting a requirement for ongoing protein(More)
Studies of the effects of glucocorticoid (GC) and oxidative stress stimuli in differentiated cultures of human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells have provided the rationale for our studies of a major new gene termed TIGR (trabecular meshwork inducible GC response). The TIGR clone was isolated by differential library screening using selection criteria based on(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether trabecular meshwork-inducible glucocorticoid response/myocilin (TIGR/MYOC) protein associates with the extracellular matrix (ECM) of human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. METHODS The extracellular localization of TIGR/MYOC was examined by immunofluorescence microscopy in HTM cultures treated with and without dexamethasone and(More)
To investigate whether alterations in the cellular component of the trabecular meshwork occur with age, we evaluated trabecular meshwork cellularity and absolute cell number, using specimens obtained from patients ranging in age from newborn to 81 years. We obtained reproducible, quantitative measurements of these parameters, using montages of 1 micrometer(More)
PURPOSE To investigate mechanism(s) by which mutations in the olfactomedin domain of myocilin (MYOC), also known as the trabecular meshwork-induced glucocorticoid response (TIGR) gene, cause autosomal dominant open-angle glaucoma, the structure and properties of wild-type (WT) MYOC protein were examined, when expressed alone or simultaneously with the Q368X(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to screen affected members of glaucoma families for mutations in the Trabecular Meshwork Inducible Glucocorticoid Response (TIGR) gene also known by the name myocilin (MYOC) or by combined names such as TIGR/MYOC. Our primary objectives were (1) to identify mutations responsible for glaucoma in members of three families for(More)
PURPOSE Determine the effects of the actin cytoskeleton disrupting compound latrunculin-A (LAT-A) on morphology, cytoskeleton, and cellular adhesions of cultured human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. METHODS HTM cells were cultured to high confluence with endothelial-like morphology and treated with LAT-A at different doses and duration. Topography of(More)
Confluent human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells from three different donors and at various stages of serial passage were fed fluorescein-labeled polystyrene beads. Phagocytosis was monitored for up to 6 days using flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy, and morphometric calculations from comprehensive electron microscopic observations at key time points.(More)