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We have studied the absorption and metabolism of resveratrol in the jejunum in an isolated rat small intestine model. Only small amounts of resveratrol were absorbed across the enterocytes of the jejunum and ileum unmetabolised. The major compound detected on the serosal side was the glucuronide conjugate of resveratrol (96.5% +/- 4.6 of the amount(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate biomarkers of the bioavailability and metabolism of hydroxycinnamate derivatives through the determination of the pharmacokinetics of their urinary elimination and identification of the metabolites excreted. Coffee was used as a rich source of caffeic acid derivatives and human supplementation was undertaken. The(More)
There is considerable interest in the bioavailability of polyphenols and their bioactivity in vivo. We have studied the absorption and metabolism of catechin and epicatechin in the small intestine and the comparative transfer across the jejunum and ileum. Perfusion of isolated jejunum with the flavanols resulted in glucuronidation ( approximately 45%),(More)
Perfusion of isolated small intestine with the procyanidin dimers B2 and B5 extracted from cocoa indicated that both forms of dimer are transferred to the serosal side of enterocytes but only to a very small extent (<1% of the total transferred flavanol-like compounds). However, perfusion of dimer mainly resulted in large amounts of(More)
Oxidative stress has been associated with neuronal loss in neurodegenerative diseases and during age-associated cognitive decline. Flavonoids have been proposed to play a useful role in protecting the central nervous system against oxidative and excitotoxic stress, although the mechanism of action is unknown. Using oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)(More)
There is considerable interest in the bioavailability of flavonoids and phenolic components of the diet and their bioactivity in vivo. However, little is known of pre-absorption events in the gastric lumen. The effects of the acidic environment, as found in the gastric milieu, on procyanidin oligomers of catechin polyphenols has been investigated. The(More)
We have studied the perfusion of the jejunum and ileum in an isolated rat intestine model with flavonoids and hydroxycinnamates and the influence of glycosylation on the subsequent metabolism. Flavone and flavonol glucosides and their corresponding aglycones are glucuronidated during transfer across the rat jejunum and ileum and this glucuronidation occurs(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative mechanisms by which the dietary form of the flavonoid epicatechin and its predominant in vivo metabolite, epicatechin glucuronide, influence oxidative stress-induced cell death in fibroblasts and neurons. The results demonstrate the contrasting influences of in vivo glucuronidation and methylation on(More)
The 5-HT(3) receptor is a member of the 'Cys-loop' family of ligand-gated ion channels that mediate fast excitatory and inhibitory transmission in the nervous system. Current evidence points towards native 5-HT(3) receptors originating from homomeric assemblies of 5-HT(3A) or heteromeric assembly of 5-HT(3A) and 5-HT(3B). Novel genes encoding 5-HT(3C),(More)
Flavonoids are powerful antioxidants in vitro, but their overall functions in vivo have yet to be clarified, whether antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, enzyme inhibitor or inducer, or some other role. The reducing properties of flavonoids might also contribute to redox regulation in cells independently of their antioxidant properties. However, in order to(More)