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A biosynthetic antibody binding site, which incorporated the variable domains of anti-digoxin monoclonal antibody 26-10 in a single polypeptide chain (Mr = 26,354), was produced in Escherichia coli by protein engineering. This variable region fragment (Fv) analogue comprised the 26-10 heavy- and light-chain variable regions (VH and VL) connected by a(More)
Using X-ray coordinates of antigen-antibody complexes McPC 603, D1.3, and HyHEL-5, we made semiquantitative estimates of Gibbs free energy changes (delta G) accompanying noncovalent complex formation of the McPC 603 Fv fragment with phosphocholine and the D1.3 or HyHEL-5 Fv fragments with hen egg white lysozyme. Our empirical delta G function, which(More)
This unit describes procedures developed for predicting protein structure from the amino acid sequence. The first of the four sections is an overview and brief history of structure prediction schemes. The second section describes four distinct prediction schemes, with emphasis on their differences. In the third part each prediction scheme is used to(More)
Lactobacillus reuteri utilizes exogenously added glycerol as a hydrogen acceptor during carbohydrate fermentations, resulting in higher growth rates and cell yields than those obtained during growth on carbohydrates alone. Glycerol is first converted to 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde by a coenzyme B(12)-dependent glycerol dehydratase and then reduced to(More)
Antigen receptors on the surface of the thymus-derived (T) lymphocytes are associated with small integral membrane proteins called the T3 (CD3) gamma, delta, epsilon, and zeta chains. After interaction of the T-cell receptor with antigen, the T3 proteins are believed to transfer an activation signal to the intracellular compartment. In previous studies, the(More)
We have analyzed the structure of the interface between VL and VH domains in three immunoglobulin fragments: Fab KOL, Fab NEW and Fab MCPC 603. About 1800 A2 of protein surface is buried between the domains. Approximately three quarters of this interface is formed by the packing of the VL and VH beta-sheets in the conserved "framework" and one quarter from(More)
The open reading frames of human cytomegalovirus (human herpesvirus-5, HHV5) encode some 213 unique proteins with mostly unknown functions. Using the threading program, ProCeryon, we calculated possible matches between the amino acid sequences of these proteins and the Protein Data Bank library of three-dimensional structures. Thirty-six proteins were fully(More)
X-ray crystallographic coordinates of influenza virus N9 neuraminidase complexed with monoclonal antibodies NC41 and NC10 [Tulip et al. (1992) J. Mol. Biol. 227, 122-148] served as a starting point for calculations aimed at estimating free energy changes (delta G) of complex formation between the two antibodies and the neuraminidase. Using an empirical(More)
Various theoretical concepts, such as free energy potentials, electrostatic interaction potentials, atomic packing, solvent-exposed surface, and surface charge distribution, were tested for their ability to discriminate between native proteins and misfolded protein models. Misfolded models were constructed by introducing incorrect side chains onto(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the antibody N10 Fab fragment complexed with staphylococcal nuclease (SNase) has been determined to 2.9 A resolution. Eighteen residues from six complementarity-determining regions (CDR) recognize an epitope of five distinct SNase segments with a total of 17 residues. The overall shape of the antibody-antigen interface is(More)