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DSM-III-R and proposed DSM-IV schemes for the diagnosis of psychoactive substance use disorders are based largely on the dependence syndrome concept. However, there is an absence of empirical support for the generalizability of the dependence syndrome across substances. This study examines how consistently proposed DSM-IV dependence criteria function to(More)
OBJECTIVE Compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) is a condition characterized by loss of control over sexual behavior and repeated negative consequences, including unsafe sex. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been found to reduce CSB symptomatology in open-label trials. The objective of this study was to conduct a preliminary double-blind,(More)
Relatively little is known about how substance abuse treatment facilitates positive outcomes. This study examined the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of action of affiliation with Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) after treatment. Patients (N = 100) in intensive 12-step substance abuse treatment were assessed during treatment and at 1- and 6-month follow-ups.(More)
Cognitive-behavioral coping-skills training (CBST) is an alcoholism treatment approach aimed at improving the patients' cognitive and behavioral skills for changing their drinking behavior. CBST encompasses a variety of approaches that despite their core similarities differ in duration, modality, content, and treatment setting. Numerous studies and reviews(More)
This study compared the concurrent and predictive validity of motivational subtypes versus a continuous measure of readiness for change as measured by the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale (URICA; E. A. McConnaughy, J. O. Prochaska, & W. F. Velicer, 1983) in 252 individuals participating in a substance abuse treatment study (38% female;(More)
This study assessed prevalence rates and overlap among Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., revised; DSM-III-R; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) personality disorders in a multisite sample of 366 substance abusers in treatment. In addition, the relation of antisocial personality disorder (APD), borderline personality(More)
Diagnostic agreement tests the reliability and concordance of diagnostic systems. The introduction of measures of agreement with reputations for baserate independence (e.g., Yule's Y and Q), and new studies occasioned by the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) and(More)
This study evaluated the short-term effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for substance abuse delivered in a community setting. At entry into outpatient community substance abuse treatment, participants (N = 252) were randomly assigned to 3 conditions: high-standardization CBT, low-standardization CBT, and treatment as usual. Treatment(More)
Differential weighting of illness signs and symptoms has surfaced recurrently in psychiatric nosology. Six alternately weighted algorithms for diagnosing alcohol dependence in accordance with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994), based on statistical, unit, rational and random(More)
This study tested the efficacy of behavioral treatments for alcohol use disorders (AUD) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and who are at risk for HIV transmission. HIV-negative MSM with current AUD (N = 198) were recruited, offered treatment focused on reducing drinking and HIV risk, and followed during treatment and 12 months posttreatment.(More)