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Initiation of DNA replication at the Escherichia coli chromosomal origin occurs through an ordered series of events that depends first on the binding of DnaA protein, the replication initiator, to DnaA box sequences followed by unwinding of an AT-rich region. A step that follows is the binding of DnaB helicase at oriC so that it is properly positioned at(More)
An enzyme system that replicates plasmids bearing the origin of the Escherichia coli chromosomes (oriC) has the following physiologically relevant features. The system (i) depends completely on low levels of exogenously furnished supercoiled oriC plasmids, (ii) uses only those plasmids that contain the intact oriC region of about 245 base pairs, (iii)(More)
Elevated dnaA expression from a multicopy plasmid induces more frequent initiation from the Escherichia coli replication origin, oriC, but viability is maintained. In comparison, chromosomally encoded dnaAcos also stimulates initiation, but this is lethal. By quantitative methods, we show that the level of initiation induced by elevated dnaA expression(More)
DnaA protein of Escherichia coli acts in the initiation of chromosomal replication to bind to sequences in the chromosomal origin. On binding, it promotes the assembly of other replication proteins that serve to prime DNA replication and assemble the replication apparatus for bidirectional replication fork movement. A collection of monoclonal antibodies to(More)
To initiate DNA replication, DnaA recognizes and binds to specific sequences within the Escherichia coli chromosomal origin (oriC), and then unwinds a region within oriC. Next, DnaA interacts with DnaB helicase in loading the DnaB-DnaC complex on each separated strand. Primer formation by primase (DnaG) induces the dissociation of DnaC from DnaB, which(More)
Escherichia coli HU protein is a dimer encoded by two closely related genes whose expression is growth phase-dependent. As a major component of the bacterial nucleoid, HU binds to DNA non-specifically, but acts at the chromosomal origin (oriC) during initiation by stimulating strand opening in vitro. We show that the alpha dimer of HU is more active than(More)
Escherichia coli DnaC protein bound to ATP forms a complex with DnaB protein. To identify the domain of DnaC that interacts with DnaB, a genetic selection was used based on the lethal effect of induced dnaC expression and a model that inviability arises by the binding of DnaC to DnaB to inhibit replication fork movement. The analysis of dnaC alleles that(More)
Chromosomal DNA replication is regulated at the level of commitment to this biochemical pathway. In Escherichia coli, DnaA protein appears to regulate this process. A mutant form, DnaAcos, carrying four amino acid substitutions, is apparently defective in responding to regulatory signals, because it induces hyperactive initiation from the bacterial(More)
Iterated DnaA box sequences within the replication origins of bacteria and prokaryotic plasmids are recognized by the replication initiator, DnaA protein. At the E. coli chromosomal origin, oriC, DnaA is speculated to oligomerize to initiate DNA replication. We developed an assay of oligomer formation at oriC that relies on complementation between two dnaA(More)
Initiation of DNA replication at the Escherichia coli chromosomal origin, oriC, occurs through an ordered series of events that depend first on the binding of DnaA protein, the replication initiator, to DnaA box sequences within oriC followed by unwinding of an AT-rich region near the left border. The prepriming complex then forms, involving the binding of(More)