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Platelet production of 12L-hydroxy-5,8,10-heptadecatrienoic acid (HHT) and 8-(1-hydroxy-3-oxopropyl)-9, 12L-dihydroxy-5,10-heptadecadienoic acid (PHD), two metabolites of the prostaglandin cyclic endoperoxides PGG2 and PGH2, was found in this investigation to occur primarily in a platelet microsomal fraction consisting almost exclusively of membranes. To(More)
The biochemistry of platelets from two unrelated patients with the gray platelet syndrome, a deficiency of platelet alpha-granules, has been evaluated. Ultrastructural studies of their platelets revealed the number of alpha-granules to be less than 15% of normal, whereas the number of dense bodies was within normal limits. Platelets from both patients had(More)
Inhibition of human platelet aggregation by N,N-diethyl-2-[4-(phenylmethyl)phenoxy]ethanamine-HCl (DPPE), a novel antagonist of histamine binding, suggested that histamine might serve a critical role in cell function. Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) or collagen was found to increase platelet histamine content in parallel with promotion of aggregation.(More)
We recently reported the characterization of a platelet granule membrane protein of molecular weight (mol wt) 40,000 called granulophysin (Gerrard et al: Blood 77:101, 1991), identified by a monoclonal antibody (MoAb D545) raised to purified dense granule membranes. Using immunoelectron-microscopic techniques on frozen thin sections, this protein was(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) stimulates the motility of some but not all cell types. Here, we show that HA-promoted random motility of ras-transformed 10T1/2 (C3) fibroblasts requires activation of protein kinase C and is associated with rapid uptake of HA in a CD44 and RHAMM-dependent manner. The addition of HA to parental 10T1/2 fibroblasts (parental cells) does not(More)
The effects of smoking, aspirin ingestion, and sex differences on bleeding times and bleeding time thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin (PG)F1 alpha production were examined. Nonsmoking men produced more thromboxane B2 (3.99 +/- 0.76 ng/ml) than nonsmoking women (2.13 +/- 0.24 ng/ml). Female smokers produced more thromboxane B2 (5.01 +/- 0.97 ng/ml) than(More)
Health visitors in North Staffordshire, Edinburgh and Lewisham were given the opportunity to participate in a training programme in the detection, treatment and prevention of postnatal depression, based on previously reported successful intervention strategies. They were trained in the use of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and given(More)
In 25 out of 33 cases the survival response of myeloid progenitor cells from fresh human bone marrows, X-irradiated in vitro in phosphate-buffered saline at 23 degrees C, was characterized by a two-term exponential relationship, with D0 values of 0.42 +/- 0.19 Gy and 1.38 +/- 0.37 Gy, respectively. In the remaining eight cases for which the colony-forming(More)
Granulophysin, a protein described in platelet dense granule membranes, has been shown to be similar or identical to CD63, a lysosomal membrane protein. We have previously shown granulophysin to be present in neutrophils using immunofluorescence. We now localize granulophysin to the neutrophil azurophilic granules by fine structural immunocytochemistry.(More)