Learn More
Hyaluronan (HA) stimulates the motility of some but not all cell types. Here, we show that HA-promoted random motility of ras-transformed 10T1/2 (C3) fibroblasts requires activation of protein kinase C and is associated with rapid uptake of HA in a CD44 and RHAMM-dependent manner. The addition of HA to parental 10T1/2 fibroblasts (parental cells) does not(More)
The effects of in vitro changes in calcium and albumin on human platelet arachidonic acid metabolism were evaluated. Hypoalbuminemia enhanced the conversion of released 14C-arachidonic acid from prelabeled platelet phospholipids to the metabolites of the platelet cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways. This effect was, however, associated with a decreased(More)
We altered platelet cholesterol by incubating the cells with either "cholesterol-rich" or "cholesterol-poor" liposomes. These platelets were then used to study the influence of cholesterol content on the metabolism of arachidonic acid, a fatty acid that serves as the critical precursor in the platelet for formation of the potent aggregating agent(More)
The levels and expression of the proteins CD63 and granulophysin in platelets from control and from a Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome subject (a condition characterized by dense granule and lysosomal deficiencies and the accumulation of ceroid-like material in reticuloendothelial cells) were examined. Immunofluorescence studies indicated that anti-CD63 and(More)
Platelets, when stirred with 3 U thrombin/10(9) platelets, produced significant quantities of palmitoyllysophosphatidic acid (2.17 ng/10(9) platelets), stearoyllysophosphatidic acid (2.11 ng/10(9) platelets), and arachidonoyllysophosphatidic acid (1.06 ng/10(9) platelets). When platelets were pretreated with 100 microM of the phospholipase A2 inhibitor(More)
We evaluated 46 patients with prolonged bleeding times, and no demonstrable abnormalities of either von Willebrand factor or platelet aggregation, for possible deficiency of platelet storage pool. Studies of ATP release from thrombin-stimulated platelets and enumeration of dense granules in platelet whole mounts were performed in these patients. Seventeen(More)
A questionnaire, designed to assess bleeding/bruising tendencies, was administered to 251 otherwise healthy children undergoing a tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy. 23 children with excessive bleeding during or after the operation, with a long bleeding time or who reported taking aspirin recently were excluded, to give a population of 228 non-bleeders. For(More)
The effect of dietary fatty acid composition on plasma lipids and eicosanoid production was studied in normolipidemic men. Approximately 75% of the fat in the diet was provided by a mixture of fats (MF) during the 6-d pre and postperiods and either canola oil (CO) or sunflower oil (SO) during the two 18-d experimental periods. Saturated, monounsaturated,(More)
Stimulation of platelets by thrombin produced a rise in [32P]phosphatidic acid labelling of platelets which was greater in medium without added calcium than in medium with 2.5 mM calcium. A rise in [32P]lysophosphatidic acid was also seen in platelets stimulated by thrombin in the presence of 2.5 mM extracellular calcium, though it was of lesser magnitude(More)
N,N-diethyl-2-[4-(phenylmethyl)phenoxy]ethanamine HCl (DPPE) is an antihistamine with a unique profile of activity in the stomach. It is antisecretory and blocks the formation of experimental cold/stress- and ethanol-induced gastric lesions, as well as cysteamine-induced duodenal ulcers in a fashion more potent than observed with histamine H2 antagonists(More)