Jon L Shaffer

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BACKGROUND Azathioprine is an immunosuppressant prescribed for the treatment of inflammatory conditions and after organ transplantation. Risk of neutropaenia has limited the effective use of azathioprine (AZA) and driven requirements for careful monitoring and blood tests. Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) is a genetically moderated key enzyme involved in(More)
BACKGROUND The present study aimed to determine the extent of malnutrition in preoperative colorectal cancer patients. Malnutrition has been shown to affect post-operative outcome, so it would be beneficial to identify those who are malnourished or who are at risk of becoming so preoperatively. We examine whether weight loss is related to the length of stay(More)
Intestinal failure is a specific disease entity resulting from intestinal resection or disease-associated malabsorption and characterized by the inability to maintain protein-energy, fluid, electrolyte or micronutrient balance. We performed a MEDLINE search (1966-2006) to identify relevant articles, using keywords intestinal failure, parenteral or enteral(More)
We pursued the possibility that Mycobacterium kansasii might be an aetiological agent in Crohn's disease by carrying out a trial of treatment with antimycobacterial drugs. Twenty seven patients with Crohn's disease took part in a two year randomised double blind, crossover, controlled trial of rifampicin plus ethambutol against placebo. Fourteen patients(More)
BACKGROUND Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is currently the management of choice for patients with chronic intestinal failure. AIM To summarise the major issues in delivering long-term parenteral nutrition (>3 months) and assess outcome as per complications, mortality and quality of life. To assess the evidence for the therapeutic use of trophic factors(More)
Over the last 10 years, the Nutrition Unit at Hope Hospital has trained and looked after 76 patients on home parenteral nutrition for a total of 100 patient years. Although 40 per cent of patients have required home parenteral nutrition for 6 months or less one patient has been on treatment for 7 years. The quality of life measured on a 4 point scale was(More)
BACKGROUND Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is used to treat intestinal failure. A minority of HPN patients are dependent on opiates and benzodiazepines to control pain and anxiety. The aim of this study was to determine what effects such drug dependence had on patient outcomes. METHODS Ten dependent patients were prospectively compared with 10(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) are a serious complication in the provision of home parenteral nutrition (HPN). Antibiotic salvage of central venous catheters (CVCs) in CRBSI is recommended; however, this is based on limited reports. We assessed the efficacy of antibiotic salvage of CRBSIs in HPN patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Designed study as a conceptual replication of Shaffer, Friedrich, Shurtleff, and Wolf (1985). Intelligence, school achievement, and perceptual motor skill data from 73 children with uncomplicated myelomeningocele were examined to determine their deviation from test norms. The respective impact of shunting and functional motor level was also assessed. The(More)
Quality of life was assessed in 37 patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for intestinal failure. A questionnaire was developed specifically for this purpose and the results were compared with those obtained by subjective assessment using a simple linear scale. The majority of patients (n = 26, 70.3%) had a good objective quality of life and(More)