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The probasin (Pb)-PRL transgenic mice that overexpress the rat PRL gene specifically in the prostate develop a dramatic enlargement of the prostate gland. The objective of this study was to characterize the molecular mechanisms involved in the prostate hyperplasia seen in the Pb-PRL transgenic mice. cDNA microarray analysis was used to identify(More)
An altered endocrine status of elderly men has been hypothesized to be important for development of prostate hyperplasia. The present study addresses the question whether increased PRL expression is of importance for development of prostate hyperplasia in mice. Three lines of PRL transgenic mice were generated having serum levels of PRL of approximately 15(More)
Adiponectin is a hormone secreted from adipose tissue, and serum levels are decreased with obesity and insulin resistance. Because prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) can affect insulin sensitivity, we investigated the effects of these hormones on the regulation of adiponectin in human adipose tissue in vitro and in rodents in vivo. Adiponectin(More)
Prolactin (PRL) is one of several polypeptide factors known to exert trophic effects on the prostate. We have previously reported a dramatic prostate enlargement with concurrent chronic hyperprolactinemia and elevated serum androgen levels in a PRL transgenic mouse (Mt-PRL) with ubiquitous expression of the transgene. To address the role of local PRL action(More)
BACKGROUND Transgenic mice overexpressing the rat prolactin (PRL) gene under control of the metallothionein-1 promoter (Mt-1) develop a dramatic prostatic enlargement. These animals also display significantly elevated testosterone serum levels. In this study, we aim to clarify the role of circulating androgen levels in the promotion of abnormal prostate(More)
Hyperprolactinemia results in prostatic hypertrophy and hyperplasia, but it is not known whether prolactin plays an essential role in these processes in the prostate. To address this question, we investigated prostate development, gene expression, and simian virus 40 (SV40)T-induced prostate carcinogenesis in prolactin receptor knockout mice. These animals(More)
Both IGF1 and androgens are major enhancers of prostate growth and are implicated in the development of prostate hyperplasia and cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether liver-derived endocrine IGF1 modulates the androgenic response in prostate. Mice with adult, liver-specific inactivation of IGF1 (LI-IGF1(-/-) mice) displayed an(More)
Stromal-epithelial interaction plays a pivotal role to mediate the normal prostate growth, the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate cancer development. Until now, the stromal androgen receptor (AR) functions in the BPH development, and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we used a genetic knockout approach to(More)
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