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Molecular genetic analysis of isolated single cells and other minute DNA samples is limited because there is insufficient DNA to perform more than one independent PCR amplification. One solution to this problem is to first amplify the entire genome, thus providing enough DNA for numerous subsequent PCRs. In this study we have investigated four different(More)
Testicular germ cell tumours (GCTs) of adolescents and adults can be subdivided into seminomas (referred to as dysgerminomas of the ovary) and non-seminomas, all referred to as type II GCTs. They originate from carcinoma in situ (CIS), being the malignant counterparts of primordial germ cells (PGCs)/gonocytes. The invasive components mimic embryogenesis,(More)
We have evaluated a rapid method that allows prenatal detection of Down's syndrome in less than 24 hours. DNA from uncultured amniotic fluid, fetal blood, and tissue samples was amplified with the small tandem repeat (STR) marker D21S11. Quantitative analysis of fluorescent STR products with evaluation of their sizes provided clear evidence for trisomy 21.(More)
Testicular germ cell tumors of adolescents and adults (TGCTs) can be classified into seminomatous and nonseminomatous tumors. Various nonseminomatous cell lines, predominantly embryonal carcinoma, have been established and proven to be valuable for pathobiological and clinical studies. So far, no cell lines have been derived from seminoma which constitutes(More)
Several studies have been performed to assess the diagnostic value of using small tandem repeat (STR) markers and quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) assays for the rapid detection of aneuploidies involving chromosomes 21, 18, 13 (Mansfield, 1993; Pertl et al., 1994, 1996; Adinolfi et al., 1995a). The results of these investigations(More)
There is increasing interest in the use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) as an alternative to routine prenatal diagnosis. However, the costs associated with development and testing of new PGD protocols have forced some PGD centres to limit the number of diseases for which PGD is offered. One of the main factors in the design of new protocols,(More)
Quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) assays and small tandem repeat (STR) markers have been successfully employed for the rapid detection of major numerical aneuploidies affecting human autosomes. So far, the analysis of chromosomes X and Y disorders has been hampered by the rarity of highly polymorphic markers which could distinguish(More)
Regions of DNA homology between human and marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) chromosomes have been demonstrated using fluorescence in situ hybridization. All 24 chromosome paints and two centromere repeat sequences from Homo sapiens (HSA) have been annealed to previously G-banded metaphase spreads of Callithrix jacchus. All human paint probes, except Y,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare two methods of obtaining fetal cells from the endocervical canal for prenatal diagnosis during the first trimester: lavage with physiologic saline, and the endocervical passage of a cytobrush. METHODS Fetal cells were identified morphologically using conventional and immunohistochemical staining. Y-specific sequences were detected(More)