Jon J. Hirst

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Celecoxib (Celebrex), an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2; prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; EC, is widely used in the treatment of chronic inflammation and pain. COX-2 is constitutively expressed in the testis, where it is responsible for prostaglandin production, so inhibition of this enzyme should have effects on testicular function.(More)
The physiological processes that regulate the onset of parturition and birth are slowly being elucidated, and the points at which pathology can intervene are becoming more apparent. The data support the view that multiple pathways lead to myometrial activation. The clinical corollary is that combinations of tocolytics that operate via different mechanisms(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs), particularly PGE(2), have been implicated in the control of testicular steroidogenesis, spermatogenesis, and local immunity. However, virtually nothing is known about the expression or activity of the prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthases (PTGSs; also referred to as the cyclooxygenases), the specific rate-limiting enzymes responsible(More)
The vulnerability of the fetal and newborn brain to events in utero or at birth that cause damage arising from perturbations of cerebral blood flow and metabolism, such as the accumulation of free radicals and excitatory transmitters to neurotoxic levels, has received considerable attention over the last few decades. Attention has usually been on the damage(More)
Clinically, treatment options where fetal distress is anticipated or identified are limited. Allopregnanolone is an endogenous steroid, that positively modulates the GABA(A) receptor, and that has anti-apoptotic and anti-excitotoxic actions, reducing brain damage in adult animal models of brain injury. We sought to determine if prophylactic treatment of the(More)
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