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The prevalence of psychiatric disorder was determined according to alternative diagnostic criteria in a random sample of 576 women from an Edinburgh community. Whichever diagnostic system was applied, significantly higher rates of disorder were found among the working class, the unemployed and women who were divorced, widowed, separated or cohabiting; in(More)
This report, which is one of a series, is concerned with socio-demographic correlates of self-referral, and the extent to which the observed associations can be explained by variations in symptom prevalence and severity. Social class, marital status, employment status, and distance from health centre, all show small but significant associations with(More)
In a study comparing depressive disorders detected in a field survey (n = 90) with patients referred to a specialist treatment setting (n = 63), the clinical features and demographic correlates of 'cases' of affective disorders proved to be similar. However, those in treatment settings appeared to have more people achieving definite case status.(More)
SUMMARY The prevalence of symptoms in the community is sometimes used as an index of untreated morbidity. However, such an index can be very misleading unless it makes allowance for differences in symptom severity between declared and undeclared patients. Recent attenders at one health centre were compared with controls who had not seen their GPs for at(More)
One hypothesis concerning the nature of the link between negative self-appraisal and certain psychological disorders is that low self-esteem may be a consequence of both early and current experiences, and may predispose to breakdown. An alternative view is that the negative self-concept is only to be found in the presence of illness, which is the primary(More)
Six characteristics of life events and difficulties, namely loss (L), threat (T), anti-social act (A), hopeless situation (H), uncertain outcome (U) and choice of action (C), were used to score life situations experienced by 1060 adults over three months. Certain patterns of these, together with the respondents' sex, close and more superficial support(More)
A total of 576 women aged 18-65, drawn from an area in Edinburgh, were interviewed. Data on life events and long-term difficulties over a six-month period prior to interview were gathered and classified according to area of life, the Bedford system, the Edinburgh system, and the independence of the event or difficulty from the subject's own actions. The(More)
Previous analyses of data obtained from a comparative study of Health Centre consulters and controls have indicated that the influence of social and demographic factors upon consulting behaviour is slight compared with that of symptom severity. However, the samples were very heterogeneous and some variables may be influential for certain sub-groups but not(More)