Jon H. Shirley

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The presence of spurious spectral components in the microwave excitation may induce frequency shifts in an atomic fountain frequency standard. We discuss how such shifts behave as a function of power variations of the excitation carrier and in the spur-to-carrier ratio. The discussion here is limited to the case of single-sideband spurs, which are generally(More)
—Many high-performance atomic frequency standards , including cesium fountains and most optical standards, operate with pulsed measurements, that is, an atomic sample is prepared for measurement, the measurement is made, and the process is repeated at fixed intervals. By introducing frequency modulation of the excitation coherent with the measurement cycle(More)
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