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Subject-specific artifacts caused by head motion and physiological noise are major confounds in BOLD fMRI analyses. However, there is little consensus on the optimal choice of data preprocessing steps to minimize these effects. To evaluate the effects of various preprocessing strategies, we present a framework which comprises a combination of (1)(More)
Urinary incontinence (UI) after stroke is common and associated with overall poor functional outcomes. There is controversy regarding which factors contribute to incontinence after stroke and which factors may be predictive of recovery of continence. This study investigated consecutive stroke admissions to an inpatient rehabilitation hospital and evaluated(More)
The effects of physiological noise may significantly limit the reproducibility and accuracy of BOLD fMRI. However, physiological noise evidences a complex, undersampled temporal structure and is often non-orthogonal relative to the neuronally-linked BOLD response, which presents a significant challenge for identifying and removing such artifact. This paper(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator for ischemic stroke is approved for eligible patients who can be treated within a 3-hour window, but treatment rates remain disappointingly low, often <5%. To improve rapid access to stroke thrombolysis in Toronto, Canada, a citywide prehospital acute stroke activation protocol was implemented(More)
Posterior parietal cortex is active during episodic memory retrieval, yet its role remains unclear. According to a recent proposal, dorsal parietal cortex (DPC) allocates top-down attention to memory retrieval, whereas ventral parietal cortex (VPC) mediates the bottom-up attentional capture by retrieved contents, i.e., the Attention-to-Memory (AtoM)(More)
  • Jon Erik Ween
  • 2008
Functional imaging is beginning to outline the brain's functional architecture and mechanisms of recovery from injury. I will review primarily the motor-function literature from normal populations, learning trials, stroke recovery, and rehabilitation with a neural network approach that may prove fruitful in further advancing our understanding of brain(More)
Accurate outcome prediction following stroke is important for proper delivery of poststroke care. It has been difficult to determine specific factors that provide reliable and accurate predictions of outcome, particularly for patients with intermediate deficit severities. Age and severity of deficit have repeatedly been found to be most reliable, but only(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether there is a relationship between inflammatory markers (serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and cytokines) and post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). METHODS This was a cross-sectional observational study. Patients were recruited from 4 sources: (1) the acute stroke unit of a general hospital, (2) an outpatient stroke prevention(More)
The neuropsychological and functional characterisation of mental state attribution ("theory of mind" (ToM)) has been the focus of several recent studies. The literature contains opposing views on the functional specificity of ToM and on the neuroanatomical structures most relevant to ToM. Studies with brain-lesioned patients have consistently found ToM(More)