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Morpholino phosphorodiamidate antisense oligonucleotides (MOs) and short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are commonly used platforms to study gene function by sequence-specific knockdown. Both technologies, however, can elicit undesirable off-target effects. We have used several model genes to study these effects in detail in the zebrafish, Danio rerio. Using the(More)
Angiogenesis is a fundamental vertebrate developmental process that requires signalling by the secreted protein vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A). VEGF-A functions in the development of embryonic structures, during tissue remodelling and for the growth of tumour-induced vasculature. The study of the role of VEGF-A during normal development has(More)
Endothelial tubulogenesis is a crucial step in the formation of functional blood vessels during angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Here, we use in vivo imaging of living zebrafish embryos expressing fluorescent fusion proteins of beta-Actin, alpha-Catenin, and the ERM family member Moesin1 (Moesin a), to define a novel cord hollowing process that occurs(More)
We combined reverse and chemical genetics to identify targets and compounds modulating blood vessel development. Through transcript profiling in mice, we identified 150 potentially druggable microvessel-enriched gene products. Orthologs of 50 of these were knocked down in a reverse genetic screen in zebrafish, demonstrating that 16 were necessary for(More)
Chaperone proteins are considered to be fairly ubiquitous proteins that promote the correct folding and assembly of multiple newly synthesized proteins. While performing an embryonic screen in zebrafish using morpholino phosphorodiamidate oligonucleotides (MPOs), we identified a role for an endoplasmic reticulum chaperone protein family member, zebrafish(More)
A cysteine conjugate beta-lyase from the anaerobic gastrointestinal bacterium Fusobacterium necrophorum was purified 51-fold by heat treatment, ammonium sulphate fractionation, gel-filtration chromatography, and anion-exchange chromatography. This enzyme catalyses the cleavage of the thioether linkage in cysteine conjugates of the following S-alkyl- or(More)
Morpholino phosphorodiamidate anti-sense oligonucleotides (MPOs) have recently emerged as a tool for gene-specific knockdown. MPOs have a great potential for both therapeutic applications and functional genomics. In particular, zebrafish are well suited for gene function studies using MPOs owing to their rapid external development, transparent embryos and(More)
The Homeobox (Hox) and Paired box (Pax) gene families are key determinants of animal body plans and organ structure. In particular, they function within regulatory networks that control organogenesis. How these conserved genes elicit differences in organ form and function in response to evolutionary pressures is incompletely understood. We molecularly and(More)
Spontaneous mouse models of cancer show promise to more accurately recapitulate human disease and predict clinical efficacy. Transgenic mice or viral vectors have been required to generate spontaneous models of glioma, a lethal brain tumor, because nonviral gene transfer is typically transient. To overcome this constraint, we used the Sleeping Beauty(More)